Can High Performance Polymers Replace Traditional Alloys in Dentistry?
Divya1*, David Patrick1 and Sandeep Dubey2
1Department of Dental Technology, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
2Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Babu Banarasi Das
College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, India
*Corresponding Author: Divya Arora, Post Graduate Student, Department of
Dental Technology, University of Sheffield, England.
Received: July 24, 2023; Published: August 13, 2023
With increasing knowledge about aesthetics and restoration of teeth, the rate of partial edentulism is increasing day by day. Since ages, alloys have been the material of choice to restore teeth. But they have always been associated with an issue of unaesthetic appearance. Apart from this, as we are moving to a more sustainable life, biocompatibility of these alloys has also become a concern and need of the hour. Therefore, there is an urgent need for materials which are friendlier to our body. Hence, high performance polymers can be one option to replace these alloys. These polymers are basically superior types of thermoplastics which have operating temperature above 150°C. They are generally manufactured using milling process. There are different types of high-performance polymers used in medicine and dentistry. Out of those, mainly three types of polymers ae used in dentistry which are PEEK, PEKK and AKP.
Keywords:Dental Alloys; High Performance Polymers; PAEK; PEEK; PEKK; AKP
- Seraj Z., et al. “The effect of number of teeth and chewing ability on cognitive function of elderly in UAE: A pilot study”. International Journal of Dentistry (2017).
- de-Melo JF., et al. “Metal release from cobalt-chromium partial dentures in the mouth”. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica2 (1983): 71-74.
- Schwitalla A and Müller WD. “PEEK dental implants: a review of the literature”. Journal of Oral Implantology 6 (2013): 743-749.
- O'Donnell LE., et al. “Dentures are a reservoir for respiratory pathogens”. Journal of prosthodontics. 25.2 (2016): 99-104.
- Firtell DN., et al. “Laboratory accuracy in casting removable partial denture frameworks”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry6 (1985): 856-862.
- Rudd RW and Rudd KD. “A review of 243 errors possible during the fabrication of a removable partial denture: part I”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 3 (2001): 251-261.
- Wiesli MG and Özcan M. “High-performance polymers and their potential application as medical and oral implant materials: a review”. Implant Dentistry4 (2015): 448-457.
- Akl MA and Stendahl CG. “Removable partial denture frameworks in the age of digital dentistry: A review of the literature”. Prosthesis 2 (2022): 184-201.
- Beuer F., et al. “Digital dentistry: an overview of recent developments for CAD/CAM generated restorations”. British Dental Journal9 (2008): 505-511.
- Fitton JS., et al. “The physical properties of a polyacetal denture resin”. Clinical Materials3 (1994): 125-129.
- Stafford GD., et al. “The use of nylon as a denture-base material”. Journal of Dentistry1 (1986): 18-22.
- Audoit J., et al. “Thermal, mechanical and dielectric behaviour of poly (aryl ether ketone) with low melting temperature”. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 135 (2019): 2147-2157.
- Panayotov IV., et al. “Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) for medical applications”. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine 27 (2016): 1-1.
- Kurtz SM and Handbook PB. “Waltham”. MA: Elsevier Science (2012): 30-31.
- Rahmitasari F., et al. “PEEK with reinforced materials and modifications for dental implant applications”. Dentistry Journal4 (2017): 35.
- Kurtz SM and Devine JN. “PEEK biomaterials in trauma, orthopedic, and spinal implants”. Biomaterials32 (2007): 4845-4869.
- Rohner B., et al. “Performance of a composite flow moulded carbon fibre reinforced osteosynthesis plate”. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology03 (2005): 175-182.
- Katzer A., et al. “Polyetheretherketone-cytotoxicity and mutagenicity in vitro”. Biomaterials 8 (2002): 1749-1759.
- Schmidlin PR., et al. “Effect of different surface pre-treatments and luting materials on shear bond strength to PEEK”. Dental Materials6 (2010): 553-559.
- Sarot JR., et al. “Evaluation of the stress distribution in CFR-PEEK dental implants by the three-dimensional finite element method”. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine 21 (2010): 2079-2085.
- Tannous F., et al. “Retentive forces and fatigue resistance of thermoplastic resin clasps”. Dental Materials3 (2012): 273-278.
- Skirbutis G., et al. “A review of PEEK polymer’s properties and its use in prosthodontics”. Stomatologija 1 (2017): 19-23.
- Choupin T. “Mechanical performances of PEKK thermoplastic composites linked to their processing parameters”. (Doctoral dissertation, Paris, ENSAM) (2017).
- Kewekordes T., et al. “Wear of polyetherketoneketones-Influence of titanium dioxide content and antagonistic material”. Dental Materials3 (2018): 560-567.
- Han KH., et al. “Implant-and Tooth-Supported Fixed Prostheses Using a High-Performance Polymer (Pekkton) Framework”. International Journal of Prosthodontics5 (2016).
- Fuhrmann G., et al. “Resin bonding to three types of polyaryletherketones (PAEKs)-durability and influence of surface conditioning”. Dental Materials3 (2014): 357-363.
- Adamzyk C., et al. “Bone tissue engineering using polyetherketoneketone scaffolds combined with autologous mesenchymal stem cells in a sheep calvarial defect model”. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery8 (2016): 985-994.
- Schwitalla AD., et al. “Flexural behavior of PEEK materials for dental application”. Dental Materials11 (2015): 1377-1384.
- Choi JW., et al. “Retentive Properties of Two Stud Attachments with Polyetherketoneketone or Nylon Insert in Mandibular Implant Overdentures”. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 5 (2018).
- Alqurashi H., et al. “Polyetherketoneketone (PEKK): An emerging biomaterial for oral implants and dental prostheses”. Journal of Advanced Research 28 (2021): 87-95.
- Martin C., et al. “In vitro biofilm formation on aryl ketone polymer (AKP), a new denture material, compared with that on three traditional dental denture materials”. International Journal of Dentistry (2021).
- Marie A., et al. “Deformation and retentive force following in vitro cyclic fatigue of cobalt-chrome and aryl ketone polymer (AKP) clasps”. Dental Materials6 (2019): e113-121.
- Gentz FI., et al. “Retentive Forces of Removable Partial Denture Clasp Assemblies Made from Polyaryletherketone and Cobalt‐Chromium: A Comparative Study”. Journal of Prosthodontics4 (2022): 299-304.