Role of Direct Current Electrical Stimulation in Dental Implant Osseointegration - A Pilot Study
T Mohan Kumar1, KN Velayudhan Nair2, N George Paulose3 and K Chandrasekharan Nair4
1Former Professor of Prosthodontics, Al Arab Medical University, Benghazi, Libya
2Former Professor of Prosthodontics, Govt. Dental College, Trivandrum, India
3Former Joint Director of Medical Education, Govt of Kerala, India
4Professor Emeritus, Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Akathumuri, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
*Corresponding Author: K Chandrasekharan Nair, Professor Emeritus, Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Akathumuri, Thiruvananthapuram,
Received: April 28, 2023; Published: May 26, 2023
Electrical stimulation has been therapeutically used in enhancing bone healing especially in situations of fracture. Three methods are commonly used for electrical stimulation: direct current stimulator, inductive coupling and pulsed electro magnetic field. In order to find out whether direct current stimulation can be used to improve osseointegration in dental implant treatment, the present study was designed. A custom made implant which allowed bone ingrowth was used. An Electrical stimulator that provided 20μA current was designed and fabricated. Dogs were used to conduct the in vivo experiment. Electrical stimulation for a period of 21 days gave positive results with densitometric measurements.
Keywords: Electrical Stimulation; Osseointegration; Titanium Implants; Densitometer
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