Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 1

Analysing Missing Link Between Body Mass Index and Growth Pattern

Jayakrishnan U1, Jibin Joy2*, Nishmitha J2 and Anil Kumar3

1Private Practitioner, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2Post Graduate Student, Department of Orthodontics, AJ Institute of Dental sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3Reader, Department of Orthodontics, AJ Institute of Dental sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Jibin Joy, Post Graduate Student, Department of Orthodontics, AJ Institute of Dental sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Received: October 25, 2021; Published: December 08, 2021

Abstract

Introduction: Facial type also referred to as facial pattern or facial skeletal pattern is a determinant factor when selecting the most appropriate orthodontic treatment plan. The classification of Siriwat and Jarabak, for example, defines brachyfacials as hypodivergent, mesofacials as neutrals, and dolichofacials as hyperdivergent. Body mass index (BMI) is a value derived from the;mass (weight) and height of a person. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between BMI and growth pattern, and to assess if this has any clinical application.

Materials and Methods: 22 lateral cephalograms of patients was collected and cephalometric analysis was performed. BMI of the individuals was measured using the formula.

BMI= mass in kg/height in m2.

Results: In post hoc the results showed highly significant difference (.000) between average and vertical growth pattern and horizontal and vertical growth pattern.

There was significant difference between horizontal and average growth pattern.

The correlation between growth pattern and BMI was very strong.

Conclusion: A highly significant difference exists between BMI of Average and Vertical growth pattern.

A highly significant difference exists between BMI of Horizontal and Vertical growth pattern.

A significant difference exists between BMI of Horizontal and Average growth pattern.

Keywords: Body Mass Index; Growth Pattern; Muscle

References

  1. Sassouni V. “A classification of skeletal facial types”. American journal of orthodontics2 (1969): 109-123.
  2. Al-Mashhadany SM and Al-Mothaffar NM. “The characteristics of profile facial types and its relationship with mandibular rotation in a sample of Iraqi adults with different skeletal relations”. Journal of Baghdad College of Dentistry1 (2012): 135-139.
  3. Mack KB., et al. “Relationship between body mass index percentile and skeletal maturation and dental development in orthodontic patients”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics2 (2013): 228-234.
  4. Zangouei-Booshehri M., et al. “Assessment of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental age”. Health5 (2011): 253-257.
  5. Michelogiannakis D., et al. “Influence of increased body mass index on orthodontic tooth movement and related parameters in children and adolescents: a systematic review of longitudinal controlled clinical studies”. Journal of orthodontics4 (2016): 323-334.
  6. Saloom HF., et al. “Impact of obesity on orthodontic tooth movement in adolescents: a prospective clinical cohort study”. Journal of Dental Research5 (2017): 547-554.
  7. Paul R., et al. “Orthodontics and nutrition”. Journal of Dental Specialities2 (2011): 15-19.
  8. Khatri JM and Kolhe VD. Nutrition and orthodontics”. International Journal of Orthodontic Rehabilitation4 (2018): 163.
  9. Lifshitz F. “Nutrition and growth. Journal of clinical research in pediatric endocrinology4 (2009): 157.

Citation

Citation: Jibin Joy., et al. “Analysing Missing Link Between Body Mass Index and Growth Pattern”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.1 (2022): 15-19.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Jibin Joy., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is November 30, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US