Taincha Talibova1 and Dilbar Mehdi2*
1Department of Orthopedic Dentistry of the Azerbaijan Medical University, Azerbaijan
24th Year Undergraduate Student at the University of Wyoming, USA
*Corresponding Author:Dilbar Mehdi, 4th Year Undergraduate Student at the University of Wyoming, USA.
Received: October 22, 2021; Published: November 23, 2021
Summary: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of maxillofacial and skeletal defects in regions endemic to fluorosis.
A retrospective chart review over the period from 2011 till 2020 was conducted on 38,460 postpartum medical records from regions endemic for fluoride excess (fluoride level over 1.4 mg/L); the control group consisted of 1787 postpartum records from region with normal levels of fluoride < 0.8 mg/L.
Results: In regions endemic to fluorosis the prevalence of maxillofacial defects was 0.83, and prevalence of other associated skeletal anomalies was 7.5 per 1000 newborns. No maxillofacial defects were reported in the control group.
The toxic impact of fluoride excess in drinking water was associated with other metabolic disruptions- majotiry of women with elevated fluoride exposire had anemia; endemic Grave's disease in this area was 72.7 ± 9.5%.
Conclusion: Awareness of the potential toxicity of fluoride in drinking water is essential as associated fetal malformations could be prevented by exposure reduction and water quality control.
Keywords: Maxillofacial; Skeletal Defects; Fluoride Toxicity’ Pregnancy
Citation: Taincha Talibova and Dilbar Mehdi. “Prevalence of Maxillofacial and Skeletal Anomalies at Children Born in Regions Endemic to Fluorosis”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.12 (2021): 59-62.
Copyright: © 2021 Taincha Talibova and Dilbar Mehdi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.