Kajol M Talreja*
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Kajol M Talreja, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Received: October 04, 2021; Published: November 10, 2021
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is characterized by suppression of the immune system of the body. This immunosuppression leads to a scale of other diseases that include opportunistic infections, and secondary neoplasms. The major impact of HIV infections is on the immune system. A characteristic feature of AIDS is the great immunosuppression of cell mediated immunity. Seven cardinal signs of HIV infection have been internationally identified are oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi sarcoma, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, linear gingival erythema, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Oral lesions in HIV can help in diagnosis as well as prognosis of HIV diseases to AIDS and different stages in therapy and vaccine trials. It is of utmost importance to maintain oral health of the patients with HIV/AIDS. Oral physician should always aim towards prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and control of these oral manifestations in HIV/AIDS.
Keywords: HIV; AIDS; Oral Manifestations; Immunodeficiency
Citation: Kajol M Talreja. “AIDS and its Impact on Oral Health: A Review". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.12 (2021): 16-20.
Copyright: © 2021 Kajol M Talreja. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.