Karim Mahmoud Awad1*, Amr Abou Elezz2, Mohamed Ashraf Badawi3, Fady Hussein Fahim4 and Hend Salah ElSayed5
1Associate Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Misr International University, Egypt
2Dean and Professor of Orthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
3BDS, MOrth RCSEd, MS Orthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
4Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
5Researcher, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Oro-dental Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Karim Mahmoud Awad, Teaching Assistant, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt.
Received: October 01, 2021; Published: October 25, 2021
Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the available evidence regarding the effect of dental extraction on the facial vertical dimension in adults.
Materials and Methods: A health sciences librarian was consulted and a search strategy was developed and performed in February 2021 for electronic searches in MEDLINE/Pub Med, EMBASE, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library and LILACS. Hand searching was performed in some of the major journals in the field and reference lists were also assessed. Two independent reviewers selected the studies to pre-specified eligibility criteria and extracted the data.
Results: The full texts of twenty articles were assessed. None of the articles met all the criteria of inclusion. All the excluded studies showed high risk of bias, due to their study design and lack of control for confounding factors such as growth, treatment mechanics and space deficiency.
Conclusion: There is no reliable evidence in the available literature that dental extraction versus non-extraction can decrease the facial vertical dimension in adults with skeletal open-bite. High quality controlled trials are needed to evaluate the effect of extraction.
Keywords: Evidence-Based Orthodontics; Cephalometrics; Extraction Vs. Nonextraction; Adult Treatment; Tooth Extraction; Vertical Dimension
Citation: Karim Mahmoud Awad., et al. “The Effect of Tooth Extraction on Skeletal Open Bite Correction in Adults: A Systematic Review". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.11 (2021): 65-70.
Copyright: © 2021 Karim Mahmoud Awad., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.