Oral Health Approach to Patients with Dementia
Joana Braamcamp* and Ricardo Faria-Almeida
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Porto, Portugal
*Corresponding Author: Joana Braamcamp, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Porto, Portugal.
Received: July 19, 2021; Published: August 21, 2021
Dementia is a severe public health issue that affects millions of people in the world. The large number of individuals diagnosed with dementia results in the common presence of these patients in a dental medicine environment.
The extensive study of bibliographic material obtained from a search with the terms “Alzheimer’s disease”, “dementia”, “communication”, “gerodontology”, “geriatric dentistry”, “dementia-friendly”, “dental care” and “cognitive impairment” allowed to gather the latest information on the topic.
There is an urgent need to develop functional performance algorithms that are validated and tested in the treatment of dementia patients at the dental clinic.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s Disease; Dementia; Communication; Gerodontology; Geriatric Dentistry; Dental Care; Cognitive Impairment; Dementia-Friendly
- Gale AS., et al. “Dementia”. The American Journal of Medicine10 (2018): 1161-1169.
- Aragón F., et al. “Oral health in Alzheimer’s disease: a multicenter case-control study”. Clinical Oral Investigation 22 (2018): 3061-3070.
- Cerajewska TL., et al. “Dementia friendly dentistry for the periodontal patient. Part 1: recognizing and assessing patients with dementia”. British Dental Journal 227 (2019): 563-569.
- Cerajewska TL., et al. “Dementia friendly dentistry for the periodontal patient. Part 2: ethical treatment planning and management”. British Dental Journal 227 (2019): 570-576.
- Geddis-Regan A., et al. “The impact of dementia on oral health and dental care, part 2: approaching and planning treatment”. Primary Dental Journal2 (2020): 31-37.
- Hamza SA., et al. “Oral health of individuals with dementia and Alzheimer's disease: A review”. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology2 (2021): 96-101.
- Marchini L., et al. “Oral health care for patients with Alzheimer’s disease: an update”. Special Care Dentisry Journal (2019): 1-12.
- Rozas NS., et al. “Strategies to improve dental health in elderly patients with cognitive impairment”. The Journal of the American Dental Association4 (2017): 236-245.
- Delwel S., et al. “Oral hygiene and oral health in older people with dementia: a comprehensive review with focus on oral soft tissues”. Clinical Oral Investigations 22 (2017): 93-108.
- Ferreira MC., et al. “Impact of periodontal disease on quality of life: a systematic review”. Journal of Periodontal Research4 (2017): 651-665.
- Dougall A and Fiske J. “Access to special care dentistry, part. 9. Special care dentistry services for older people”. British Dental Journal8 (2008): 421-434.
- Lin JW., et al. “Examining the association between oral health status and dementia: A nationwide nested case-controlled study”. Experimental Biology and Medicine3 (2020): 231-244.
- Alvarenga MOP., et al. “Is There Any Association Between Neurodegenerative Diseases and Periodontitis? A Systematic Review”. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 13 (2021): 1-13.
- Diaz-Zuñiga J., et al. “Serotype b of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans triggers pro-inflammatory responses and amyloid beta secretion in hippocampal cells: a novel link between periodontitis and Alzheimer´s disease?” Journal of Oral Microbiology1 (2019): 1-11.
- Dioguardi M., et al. “The Role of Periodontitis and Periodontal Bacteria in the Onset and Progression of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review”. Journal of Clinical Medicine495 (2020): 1-21.
- Kamer AR., et al. “Periodontal disease as a possible cause for Alzheimer’s disease”. Periodontology 2000 83 (2019): 242-271.
- Rong X., et al. “Chronic Periodontitis and Alzheimer Disease: A Putative Link of Serum Proteins Identification by 2D-DIGE Proteomics”. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 12 (2020): 1-10.
- Edwards JA., et al. “Dementia and dentistry”. Special Care Dentistry 42 (2015): 464-472.
- Kazui H., et al. “Differences of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Disease Severity in Four Major Dementias”. PLOS One8 (2016): 1-33.
- Alsaway S., et al. “What is good communication for people living with dementia? A mixed-methods systematic review”. International Psychogeriatrics11 (2017): 1785-1800.
- Bergdahl E., et al. “Depression among the very old with dementia”. International Psychogeriatrics5 (2011): 756-763.
- Ming Y., et al. “Association of oral health-related quality of life and Alzheimer disease: a systematic review”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry2 (2020): 168-175.
- Blackhall A., et al. “VERA framework: communicating with people who have dementia”. Nursing Standard10 (2011): 35-39.
- Handley M., et al. “Dementia-friendly interventions to improve the care of people living with dementia admitted to hospitals: a realist review”. BMJ Open 7 (2017): 1-13.
- Naughton C., et al. “A feasibility study of dementia communication training based on the VERA framework for pre-registration nurses: Part II impact on student experience”. Nurse Education Today 63 (2018): 87-93.
- Wright CD., et al. “Periodontal Status and Quality of Life: Impact of Fear of Pain and Dental Fear”. Pain Research and Management (2017): 1-9.
- McDermott O., et al. “The importance of music for people with dementia: the perspectives of people with dementia, family carers, staff and music therapists”. Aging and Mental Health6 (2014): 706-716.
- Caplan DJ., et al. “Dental Restoration Longevity among Geriatric and Special Needs Patients”. JDR Clinical and Translational Research1 (2018): 1-8.
- Packer M., et al. “The potential benefits of dental implants on the oral health quality of life of people with Parkinson’s disease”. Gerodontology 26 (2009): 11-18.
- Gao SS., et al. “Oral Health and Care for Elderly People with Alzheimer’s Disease”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (2020): 1-17.
- Fjeld KG., et al. “Effect of electric toothbrush on residents’ oral hygiene: a randomized clinical trial in nursing homes”. European Journal of Oral Sciences 122 (2014): 142-148.
- Zenthöfer A., et al. “Carers’ education improves oral health of older people suffering from dementia – results of an intervention study”. Clinical Interventions in Aging 11 (2016): 1755-1762.
- Dubar M., et al. “Awareness and practices of general practitioners towards the oral-systemic disease relationship: A regionwide survey in France”. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2019): 1722-1730.