Castro Ana Luiza Sarno1*, Leal Soraya Coelho2, Vianna Maria Isabe1 Pereira3 and Mendes Carlos Maurício Cardeal4
1Department of Health, State University of Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil
2Department of Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
3Department of Public Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
4Postgraduate Studies in Interactive Processes of Organs and Systems, Health Science Institute, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Castro Ana Luiza Sarno, Department of Health, State University of Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.
Received: July 14, 2021; Published: August 12, 2021
Background: The Caries Assessment Spectrum Treatment (CAST) severity score has been tested in children, but not yet in adults. The objective of the study is to evaluate the applicability of the CAST severity score in grouping adult citizens according to their caries load.
Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study used the caries severity calculation formula F1 (tested previously in children) in 260 students, employees and dependents of the Medical, Dental and Social Service at the State University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil. F1 was applied in two different ways: including CAST code 8- missing teeth due to caries (F1) or not (F1a).
Results: The population distribution according to the CAST severity score using F1 was: mild (34.6%), moderate (31.2%), and severe (34.2%). And applying F1a was: mild (35.0%), moderate (33.5%) and severe (31.5%).
Conclusion: The maximum CAST score per subject and the CAST severity score proved to be good tools to assess the severity and prevalence of caries in the study group; however, excluding the missing component resulted in a better classification of individuals and made the values less heterogeneous.
Keywords: Epidemiology; CAST; Dental Caries; Severity of Illness Index; Oral Health Status
Citation: Castro Ana Luiza Sarno., et al. “Use of Caries Assessment Spectrum Treatment (CAST) Severity Score in an Adult Population”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.9 (2021): 68-74.
Copyright: © 2021 Castro Ana Luiza Sarno., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.