Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 8

Second-Generation Bioceramics in the Treatment of Immature Permanent Teeth: Systematic Review of the Literature

Venditti A1*, Ragazzoni FM2 and Venditti A Jr3

1DDS, Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry, Private Practice, Italy
2DDS, Private Practice, Italy
3Dental Hygienist, Private Practice, Italy

*Corresponding Author: Venditti A, DDS, Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry, Private Practice, Italy.

Received: June 21, 2021; Published: July 19, 2021


Introduction: The second generation bioceramic materials are inorganic silicates able to stimulate the production of hydroxyapatite. They have antibacterial properties, short grip time, dimensional expansion capacity after hardening, are hydrophilic and have a compression resistance similar to dentine. The aim of the study is a systematic review of the literature on the use of second-generation bioceramics in the treatment of permanent dentary elements at immature apex.

Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the literature has been carried out through the databases Pubmed, Medline, Scopus and Google Scholar according to the guidelines of the PRISMA statement, selecting all published RCT within 10 years until 1 April 2021 regarding the use of second-generation bioceramics in the pulp treatments of immature permanent dental elements.

Results: In the treatment of capping of the vital pulp, 100% of immature permanent elements treated with second-generation bioceramics maintain pulp vitality and show physiological root development at a follow up of 12 months, compared to 89.36% of the teeth treated with calcium hydroxide and MTA. In the treatment of apicogenesis, 90.4% of immature teeth treated with second-generation bioceramics show physiological root development at a follow-up of 24 months, compared to 89.9% of the elements treated with calcium hydroxide. In the treatment of apecification, the formation of the apical plug to a follow of 24 months takes place in 100% of cases either using second-generation bioceramics or using MTA. The release of periapical calcium during the curing time is higher using the new bioceramics then MTA. The elements with immature apices, show a greater resistance to the fracture when they are obturated with bioceramics of second generation then MTA. The resistance increases when silicates are used both in the formation of the apical plug and for radicular back filling.

Discussion and Conclusion: Second-generation bioceramics have numerous advantages over conventional materials used in the treatment of immature permanent dental elements, including reduced uptake time, increased dimensional expansion with improved apical seal, greater resistance to compression and fracture and greater biocompatibility with better maintenance of the clean vitality.

Keywords: Bioceramic; Immature Teeth; Open Apex; Vital Pulp Cupping; Apexogenesis, Apecification


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Citation: Venditti A., et al. “Second-Generation Bioceramics in the Treatment of Immature Permanent Teeth: Systematic Review of the Literature”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.8 (2021): 65-72.


Copyright: © 2021 Venditti A., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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