Level of Knowledge of Covid-19 among Dental Students of the Universidad Católica De Santiago De Guayaquil-Ecuador
Margy A Guerra-Riofrio1*, Fuad O Huamán-Garaicoa2 and Karla E Cruz-Moreira3
1Dental School Graduate from Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil (UCSG), Guayaquil, Ecuador
2Pathologist and Professor of the School of Medicine at the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil (UCSG), Guayaquil, Ecuador Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Radiology, NSVK Sri Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3Specialized in Pediatrics and Oral Dentistry, Professor at the Oral Pathology Department of the Dental School at the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Coordinator of the Community Affairs Department at the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil (UCSG), Guayaquil, Ecuador
*Corresponding Author: Margy A Guerra-Riofrio, Dental School Graduate from Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil (UCSG), Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Received: March 15, 2021; Published: May 18, 2021
Objective: Determine the level of knowledge about COVID-19 among students from Dental School of the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil (UCSG) in 2020.
Materials and Methods: A 14-item survey was given to 182 students from the Dental School UCSG corresponding to 6th to 9th semesters who volunteered to participate in the study. The questionnaire was divided in 6 sections about COVID-19 knowledge.
A score was assigned to measure the level of knowledge (equal or less than 3 points: bad, 4 - 6: medium, 7 - 8: good and 9 - 10: excellent). The total score was compared among the participants from different courses.
Data were analyzed in SPSS program 25th version. To compare association between variables, ANOVA and correlation (Pearson’s coefficient), T-Student and Chi-square tests were done.
Results: From the 182 volunteers, 81.86% (149) obtained a score between 4 - 6.9 points, 14.83% obtained a score between 7 - 8.99 points, 3.29% of the participants obtained equal or less than 3.99 points. The level of knowledge was not related to the academic period in which the students were enrolled.
Conclusion: This study reveals that Dentistry UCSG students have a medium level of basic knowledge about COVID-19. Knowledge was best among students in 8th semester.
Keywords: Community Dentistry; COVID-19; Level of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice in Health; Coronavirus Infection; Dental Students
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