Compomers: A Review of Literature
Neelam Mittal1 and Supriya Gupta2*
1Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Junior Resident, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Supriya Gupta, Junior Resident, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Received: March 15, 2021; Published: May 17, 2021
Polyacid-modified composite resins are a class of composite material used in dental repair. Similar to conventional composite materials, compomers also have two distinct phases. These phases are different in form and chemical composition and are mutually insoluble in each other. They are combined to form a mixture that has superior mechanical properties to those of the individual phases. This term is derived from the words composite (‘comp-’) and glass-ionomer (‘-omer’). Compomers have bifunctional monomer, which reacts with the pendant methacrylate groups of other monomers. These also react with the cations liberated by the glass particles. Different kinds of products are available for compomers. The purpose of this paper is to describe their specificities and to compare their different properties like mechanical property, water uptake and fluoride release.
Keywords: Bifunctional Monomer; Compomers; Fluoride Release; Glass-Ionomer Cements; Mechanical Strength
- McLean JW., et al. “Proposed nomenclature for glass-ionomer dental cements and related materials”. Quintessence International9 (1994): 587-589.
- Meyer JM., et al. “Compomers: between glass-ionomer cements and composites”. Biomaterials6 (1998): 529-539.
- Nicholson John W. “Polyacid-modified composite resins ("compomers") and their use in clinical dentistry”. Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials5 (2007): 615-622.
- Cefaly DF., et al. “Effect of time on the diametral tensile strength of resin-modified restorative glass ionomer cements and compomer”. Brazilian Dental Journal3 (2001): 201-204.
- Krämer N., et al. “Adhesive luting of indirect restorations”. American Journal of Dentistry 13 (2000): 60D-76D.
- Young AM., et al. “FTIR investigation of monomer polymerisation and polyacid neutralisation kinetics and mechanisms in various aesthetic dental restorative materials”. Biomaterials5 (2004): 823-833.
- Millar BJ., et al. “In vitro caries inhibition by polyacid-modified composite resins ('compomers')”. Journal of Dentistry2 (1998): 133-116.
- Vermeersch G., et al. “Antibacterial activity of glass-ionomer cements, compomers and resin composites: relationship between acidity and material setting phase”. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 5 (2005): 368-374.
- Attar Nuray and Melek D Turgut. “Fluoride release and uptake capacities of fluoride-releasing restorative materials”. Operative Dentistry 4 (2003): 395-402.
- Yap AU., et al. “Fracture resistance of compomer and composite restoratives”. Operative Dentistry 1 (2004): 29-34.
- Bansal D and Mahajan M. “Comparative evaluation of different periods of enamel microabrasion on the microleakage of class V resin-modified glass ionomer and compomer restorations: An In vitro study”. Indian Journal of Dental Research 6 (2017): 675-680.
- Nicholson JW., et al. “Storage of polyacid-modified resin composites ("compomers") in lactic acid solution”. Dental Materials Journal6 (1999): 413-416.
- Tunç ES., et al. “The evaluation of bond strength of a composite and a compomer to white mineral trioxide aggregate with two different bonding systems”. The Journal of Endodontics 5 (2008): 603-605.
- John Nicholson, Beata Czarnecka, 4 - Polyacid-modified composite resins (compomers), Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth (2016): 69-85.
- Shruthi AS., et al. “Comparative evaluation of microleakage of conventional and modifications of glass ionomer cement in primary teeth: An in vitro study”. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 4 (2015): 279-284.
- Demirci M., et al. “Clinical evaluation of a polyacid-modified resin composite in class V carious lesions: 3-year results”. Dental Materials Journal3 (2005): 321-327.
- Qvist V., et al. “Class II restorations in primary teeth: 7-year study on three resin-modified glass ionomer cements and a compomer”. European Journal of Oral Sciences2 (2004): 188-196.
- Güngör HC., et al. “Clinical evaluation of a polyacid-modified resin composite-based fissure sealant: two-year results”. Operative Dentistry3 (2004): 254-260.
- Nicholson J W and M A McKenzie. “The properties of polymerizable luting cements”. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation10 (1999): 767-774.