Mamta Phogat1 and Tulika Tripathi2*
1Senior Resident, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics,
Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi University, India
2Senior Professor and Head of Department, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi University, India
*Corresponding Author: Tulika Tripathi, Senior Professor and Head of Department, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi University, India.
Received: January 11, 2021; Published: January 30, 2021
Orthodontic records are one of the main milestones in orthodontic therapy. Records are essential not only for diagnosis and treatment planning but also for follow-up of the case, communicating with colleagues, and evalu¬ating the treatment outcomes. Various 3D techniques such as such as Computerized Tomography (CT), Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT), Micro Computerized Tomography (MCT), 3D laser scanning, structured light technique, stereophotogrammetry or 3D surface imaging systems (3dMD), 3D facial morphometry (3DFM), Tuned Aperture Computed Tomography (TACT), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has created the potential for comprehensive facial evaluation. Recently, with the emergence of 4D a new dimension (motion) has been added to the imaging filed which has enabled capturing of dynamic facial movements. However, more elaborative and interdisciplinary research work needs to be done to explore the scope of 4D techniques. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review advances in 3D and 4d imaging with in the field of orthodontics.
Keywords: Three-dimensional; Imaging; Orthodontics; Laser Scanner; Stereophotogrammetry; Computed Tomography; 4D Printing
Citation: Mamta Phogat and Tulika Tripathi. “A Journey from 3D to 4D in Orthodontics – A Review Article”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.2 (2021): 135-142.
Copyright: © 2021 Mamta Phogat and Tulika Tripathi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.