Acta Scientific Computer Sciences

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Analysis of Energy Efficient Routing Protocol Over Wireless Sensor Network

Rahul Pethe1* and Aachal Rahul Pethe2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, G H Raisoni Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, India
2Teacher, Priyadarshini Nagpur Public School, Nagpur

*Corresponding Author: Rahul Pethe, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, G H Raisoni Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, India.

Received: July 20, 2022; Published: July 25, 2022


In wireless networks, where nodes have limited power and processing resources, energy efficiency is a critical consideration. The Adhoc on Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol is specifically intended for low-overhead mobile adhoc networks. As a result, the source node employs some mechanism to control the network-wide broadcast of RREQs (routing requests). Many energy efficient protocols, such as AODV, DSR, and DSDV, have been created to extend the lifetime of nodes in wireless networks. Using NS2, we offer an energy-efficient AODV HPR (High Power Route) Protocol route finding process. By minimizing duplicate rebroadcasting of route request packets, our technique saves energy for the nodes. The node's relaying status is determined by its neighbor's broadcasting of its RREQ packets, which helps to reduce routing overhead during the route discovery process.

Keywords: Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol; AODV HPR (High Power Route); RREQ (Routing Request); RREP (Routing Reply); Route Discovery


  1. Mustafa Kocakulak and Ismail Butun. “An Overview of Wireless Sensor Networks Towards Internet of Things”. IEEE 7th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC) (2017).
  2. Habib M Ammari and Sajal K Das. “Promoting Heterogeneity, Mobility, and Energy-Aware Voronoi Diagram in Wireless Sensor Networks”. IEEE Transactions On Parallel And Distributed Systems 19.7 (2008): 23-28.
  3. Sariga Arjunan and Pothula Sujatha. “A survey on unequal clustering protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, ELSEVIER, (2017).
  4. Mohamed Elshrkawey., et al. “An Enhancement Approach for Reducing the Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks”. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, ELSEVIER (2018): 259-267.
  5. Sonam Maurya and Vinod Kumar Jain. “Threshold Sensitive Region-Based Hybrid Routing protocol for precision agriculture”. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops (WCNCW), August (2016).
  6. R Balamurali and K Kathiravan. “An analysis of various routing protocols for Precision Agriculture using Wireless Sensor Network”. 2015 IEEE Technological Innovation in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR), December (2015).
  7. Wan Aida Nadia Wan Abdullah., et al. “Impact of clustering in AODV routing protocol for wireless body area network in remote health monitoring system”. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2 (2019).
  8. Huang-Chen Lee., et al. “An Open-Source Wireless Mesh Networking Module for Environmental Monitoring”. IEEE Sensors Journal (2015).
  9. Haibo Lian., et al. “Research on routing optimization of WSNs based on improved LEACH protocol”. Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, SPRINGER (2019).
  10. Zareei M., et al. “Enhancing the Performance of Energy Harvesting”. Energies (2020): 1-13.
  11. Del-Valle-Soto., et al. “Wireless sensor network energy model and its use in the optimization of routing protocols”. Energies3 (2020): 1-33.
  12. Liu Wu., et al. “An improved energy-efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor network”. Sensors (Switzerland) 20 (2019): 1-20.
  13. Sinde Begum., et al. “Refining network lifetime of wireless sensor network using energy‐efficient clustering and DRL‐based sleep scheduling”. Sensors (Switzerland) 5 (2020).
  14. Vancin Erdem. “Performance analysis of the energy efficient clustering models in wireless sensor networks”. ICECS 2017 - 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, 247-251 2018-January, (2018).
  15. Praveena Parthasarathi Hariharan. “Performance Analysis of Different Routing Protocol Using Wireless Sensor Network in Ns3”. 12 (2017): 50-56.
  16. Kouassi Djouani Kurien. “Performance Study of an improved Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks”. Procedia Computer Science 19 (2013): 1094-1100.
  17. Dash Mohapatra Pattnaik. “A Survey on Applications of Wireless Sensor Network Using Cloud Computing”. International Journal of Computer Science and Emerging Technologies4 (2020): 2044-6004.
  18. Abdullah Houssein Zayed. “New Security Protocol using Hybrid Cryptography Algorithm for WSN”. 1st International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Security, ICCAIS 2018 (2018): 1-6.
  19. Aguilar Torralba., et al. “A monitoring system for identification and validation of the energetic model of a building using Wireless Sensor Networks”. IEEE Xplore IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference), (2012): 5984-5989.
  20. Dayananda Straub. “Zone based hybrid approach for clustering and data collection in wireless sensor networks”. 2017 International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers, CONIELECOMP, (2017).
  21. “A Comparative Analysis of Energy Efficient Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”. IEEE Xplore 4th International Conference on Computing Sciences (ICCS) (2019): 53-58.
  22. Nandhini Priya. “A Hybrid Routing Algorithm for Secure Environmental Monitoring System in WSN”. IEEE Xplore (2017): 1061-1065.
  23. Song Wei Zhang. “A Hybrid Sensor Network System for Home Monitoring Applications”. IEEE Xplore 53.4 (2018): 1434-1439.
  24. “Improving devices communication in Industry 4.0 wireless networks”. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence ELSEVIER 83 (2019): 1-12.
  25. Oladayo Olufemi Olakanmi and Adedamola Dada. “Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs): Security and Privacy Issues and Solutions”. Books Wireless Mesh Networks - Security, Architectures and Protocols (2020).
  26. Hyder Ali Hingoliwala and Gandharba Swain. “Improving Qos parameters in wireless sensor network”. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences8 (2018).
  27. Usha Kumari Padma. “Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”. Proceedings of ICSCSP 2018 2 (2019): 377-384.
  28. Jia Mao and Xiaoxi Jiang. “Analysis of node deployment in wireless sensor networks in warehouse environment monitoring systems”. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking Springer (2019).
  29. More Raisinghani. “A survey on energy efficient coverage protocols in wireless sensor networks”. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences4 (2017): 428-448.
  30. Shareef Zeenat Reddy. “Wireless sensor network for aquaculture : Review, survey, and case study of aquaculture practices in western Godavari region”. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments 5 (2018): 409-423.
  31. Manjeshwar Agrawal. “APTEEN: A hybrid protocol for efficient routing and comprehensive information retrieval in wireless”. Proceedings in International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IEEE Xplore 10.5 (2018): 409-423.
  32. Abderrahmen Belfkih., et al. “A survey on Wireless Sensor Network Databases”. Article in Wireless Networks, SPRINGER 25 (2019): 4921-4946.


Citation: Rahul Pethe and Aachal Rahul Pethe. “Analysis of Energy Efficient Routing Protocol Over Wireless Sensor Network". Acta Scientific Computer Sciences 4.8 (2022): 128-145.


Copyright: © 2022 Rahul Pethe and Aachal Rahul Pethe. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US