Acta Scientific Computer Sciences

Mini Review Volume 2 Issue 8

Application of Cubic Formula for Freedman Equation

S Kalimuthu*

Program for Cosmology, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author: S Kalimuthu, Program for Cosmology, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India.

Received: July 10, 2020; Published: July 25, 2020



 Various cosmological experimental and observational probes of BOOMERanG, NASA’s WMAP and ESA’s PLANCK mission revealed that the shape of our universe is flat. But till this day, there is no mathematical formulation for the geometry of our universe. In this short work, the author attempts to show that the geometry of our universe is Euclidean.

Keywords: Freedman Equations; Application of Algebra, The Shape of Our Universe; MSC 08C99, PACS numbers: 98.70.Vc, 98.80.-k, 98.80.Es.



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  2. Gomerro GI. “Determining the shape of the Universe using discrete sources”. Classical and Quantum Gravity 20 (2003).
  3. R Aurich., et al. “Then, Can one hear the shape of the universe”. Physical Review Letters (2005).
  4. Neil Cornish., et al. “Can COBE see the shape of the universe?” Physical Review D (1998).
  5. Gomerro GI. “Can We See the Shape of the Universe?” International Journal of Modern Physics A17 (2002).


Citation: S Kalimuthu. “Application of Cubic Formula for Freedman Equation". Acta Scientific Computer Sciences 2.9 (2020): 11-12.


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