ABovine Trypanosomiasis Among Slaughtered Cattle in Lafia Central Abattoir, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Akwashiki Ombugadu1*, Ndubisi R Uzoigwe1, Joy O Stephen1, Amaka C Uzoigwe2, Arinze J Ezeobi1, Victoria A Pam1, James I Maikenti1, Likita P Mamot3 and Ali AA1
1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
2Nigerian Institute of Trypanosomiasis Research (NITR), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
3Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Akwashiki Ombugadu, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
Received: February 13, 2023;
Published: March 09, 2023
The tsetse fly and trypanosomiasis are major constraints to the sustenance and growth of the livestock industry in general ecological regions of Nigeria. Combating the challenges they impose on animal health and productivity involves the epizoolotological surveillance surveys, screening of animals to detect infections and chemotherapy with relevant trypanocides. We undertook the screening of cattle brought from their grazing areas for slaughter at the Lafia central abattoir situated in Lafia metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Blood samples from the jugular vessels of the animals slaughtered between April and June, 2016 were screened for trypanosome infection using the Standard Trypanosome Detection method (STDM). Out of the 212 samples screened that comprised of 37 males and 175 females, only 3 (1.4%) of the cattle were infected. The prevalence of the infection between sexes showed no significant difference (c2 = 0013; df = 1, P = 0.97). The Packed Cell Volume (PCV) of the screened samples ranged from 13% to 51%. The PCV value below 24% was observed among 13.5% bulls and 12.0% cows respectively. The indication of the above findings is in relation to the season of the study and intensity of trypanosomiasis in the grazing areas where the animals were domiciled are discussed. The need for a One Health approach to such an infection cannot be overemphasized.
Keywords: Tsetse Fly; Trypanosomiasis; Livestock Industry; Abattoir; Packed Cell Volume; One Health; Lafia
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