Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Case ReportVolume 3 Issue 12

How Well Informed are Our Pediatric Trainees About Polio When the World Prepares for the End Game Strategy?

Deepanjan Bhattacharya1*, Koyel Chakraborty2 and Bhavneet Bharti1

1Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatric Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
2Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

*Corresponding Author: Deepanjan Bhattacharya, Senior Resident, Department of Paediatrics, Advanced Pediatric Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Received: September 16, 2022; Published: November 08, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan addresses the eradication of all polio disease, whether caused by wild poliovirus or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. In this backdrop, present study was conducted among resident pediatric doctors to evaluate their knowledge about polio along with various nuances of the strategic plan.

Materials and Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study. Residents responded to 21-item predesigned, pre-tested MCQ format awareness questionnaire with binary scoring (correct1, incorrect0). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out for finding association of awareness scores with various predictors using R software.

Results: Total of 89 residents were enrolled out of whom 40.4% (n = 36) were from first three semesters, 36% (n = 32) were from 4-6th semester and remaining 23.6% (n = 21) were post MD Senior Residents. Median awareness score was 10 (IQR 4) with minimum and maximum scores of 4 and 16.

Senior Residents had significantly better scores than Junior Residents (p = 0.045). Less than half could correctly state the year of initiation of pulse polio immunization and schedule of IPV, while only 15% could demonstrate correct use of vaccine vial monitor.

There was statistically significant positive correlation between the semester of the resident and the total awareness score (Spearman rho 0.25; p = 0.02). Only 22.4% residents reported active participation during national pulse polio campaigns. All the participants (n = 20) in Pulse polio program had better awareness with mean scores of 10.7 (2.4) when compared to non participants 9.5 (3) and this difference showed a trend for significance.

Conclusion: Given the low awareness regarding polio strategic plan, it is imperative that pediatric trainees be sensitized early during their training to improve their active participation in the national programmes.

Keywords: Pulse Polio Immunisation; Polio; Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)

Bibliography

  1. Bahl S., et al. “Polio-free certification and lessons learned--South-East Asia region, March 2014”. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 42 (2014): 941-946.
  2. Gomber S., et al. “Awareness of pulse polio immunisation”. Indian Journal of Pediatrics1 (1996): 99-103.
  3. Sengupta B., et al. “Perception and practice regarding pulse polio immunisation in an urban community of Calcutta”. Journal of Indian Medical Association 8 (1998): 247-248.
  4. Singh MM., et al. “Awareness about pulse polio immunization among the general population in Delhi”. Indian Journal of Medical Science8 (2001): 453-457.
  5. Chudasama RK. “Awareness about vaccine vial monitor at pulse polio booths”. Indian Pediatrics12 (2007): 919-920.
  6. Misra P., et al. “A study of the perception, communication and coverage of pulse polio immunization programme in a Delhi slum”. Indian Journal of Public Health4 (2004): 216-217.
  7. Joseph N., et al. “A study of the knowledge and attitude towards pulse polio immunization in semi urban areas of South India”. Australasian Medical Journal2 (2011): 81-86. 

Citation: Deepanjan Bhattacharya., et al. “How Well Informed are Our Pediatric Trainees About Polio When the World Prepares for the End Game Strategy?". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 3.12 (2022): 08-17.

Copyright: © 2022 Deepanjan Bhattacharya., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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