Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Case ReportVolume 3 Issue 10

Risk Factors for Arterial Hypertension in Women Seen in a Medical Office at the Orlando Matos Mosqueda Polyclinic 2022

Rene Jorge Mena Mujica1, Ana Ivis Estrada Casteleiro1, Elisa Maria Puentes Rizo2 and Pedro Rolando López Rodríguez3

1First Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, Assistant Professor, Master in Primary Health Care and Higher Medical Education, Cuba
2First and Second Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, Assistant Professor, Master in Primary Health Care and Higher Medical Education, Cuba
3First and Second Degree Specialist in General Surgery, Assistant Professor, Assistant Researcher, Consultant Professor, Cuba

*Corresponding Author: Rene Jorge Mena Mujica, First Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, Assistant Professor, Master in Primary Health Care and Higher Medical Education, Cuba.

Received: August 03, 2022; Published: September 02, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in Cuba. In our country the prevalence is 70% and is proportional to the years of life. More than 30% of the adult population suffers from it, causing high morbidity and mortality.

Objective: To describe the main risk factors in women with arterial hypertension of the doctor's office 2 of the Párraga health area in the year 2021.

Methods: An epidemiological, observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in a universe of 153 female patients with arterial hypertension. Sociodemographic and epidemiological variables were studied.

Results: 39.8% corresponded to patients between 41 and 50 years old, with a weight above the normal value in 40.5% d. 62 women did not finish high school and the most frequent toxic habit was coffee consumption in 69.3%. More than 70% are heavy consumers of and salt. 58 patients had a history of medication intake, prevailing the intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in 18.3%.

Conclusions: The age group of 41 to 50 years prevailed, with unfinished secondary school level and housewives, a high percentage of them is above the ideal weight and coffee intake, smoking, salt consumption and the previous intake of medications continue to behave as the main risk factors in the disease.

Keywords: Arterial Hypertension; Female Gender; Cardiovascular Risk Factors; Prevention

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Citation: Pedro Rolando López Rodríguez., et al. “Risk Factors for Arterial Hypertension in Women Seen in a Medical Office at the Orlando Matos Mosqueda Polyclinic 2022". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 3.10 (2022): 02-07.

Copyright: © 2022 Pedro Rolando López Rodríguez., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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