Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Case StudyVolume 3 Issue 9

Medical-biological and Psychophysiological Preparation of the First Manned Space Flight

Medenkov AA*

Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia

*Corresponding Author: Medenkov AA, Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia.

Received: July 11, 2022; Published: August 11, 2022

Abstract

The article is devoted to medical, biological and psychological research of the staff of the Research Testing Institute of Aviation Medicine in the interests of the development of aviation and the formation of manned cosmonautics. The contribution of the founder of space medicine V.I. Yazdovsky to ensuring the safety of stratospheric flights is noted. The directions of medical and biological research in the production of flights to the upper layers of the atmosphere are outlined. Archival documents and governmental decisions on the organization of work in the interests of space exploration are given. The results of the research of the Institute's employees after its transformation into the State Research Testing Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine are presented. The content of the preparation and training of astronaut students to perform the first manned space flight is outlined. The directions of medical-psychological and psychophysiological research, tests and training at the stages of preparation of astronaut students for the implementation of orbital space flight are shown. The decision to choose a candidate for the first orbital space flight is justified. Data on the tolerance of cosmonaut listeners to the expected effects of space flight factors are given. The participation of the Institute's employees in the preparation and implementation of the flight of Yu.A. Gagarin is shown. Final provisions and conclusions on the contribution of employees of the State Research Testing Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine to ensuring the safety of aviation and space flights are formulated.

Keywords: Medical and Biological Research; Space Flight; Yuri Gagarin; Selection of Cosmonauts; Tests and Training; Readiness for Flight; Flight Safety

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Citation: Medenkov AA. “Medical-biological and Psychophysiological Preparation of the First Manned Space Flight". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 3.9 (2022): 36-47.

Copyright: © 2022 Medenkov AA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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