Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Case ReviewVolume 3 Issue 7

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Obonna George Chilaka1*, Obonna Martin Chibuike2 and Obonna Chummy Ikenna2

1Department of Surgery, University of Medical Science Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo City, Nigeria
2Faculty of Basic Medical Science, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Obonna George Chilaka, Department of Surgery, University of Medical Science Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo City, Nigeria.

Received: May 24, 2022; Published: June 13, 2022


Laparoscopic Surgery is an expanding field of diagnostic and surgical therapy. Phillepe Mouret is credited with the first Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1987. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is now considered as the gold standard in the treatment of gall bladder disease. The aim of this Chapter publication is to highlight the indications and contraindications of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy including the advantage of the procedure. Preoperative preparation will be mentioned and a detailed description of the operative protocol of Laparoscopic cholecystectomy will be analyzed. Also post -operative complications of the Surgery of Laparoscopic cholecystectomy will be elaborated including ways to avert and manage the complications. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is the most commonly performed minimal access surgery by general surgeon’s worldwide. In Europe and America 99% of all the Cholecystectomy is performed by Laparoscopy. The award of excellence of less invasive surgery is to Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. However, in the developing countries, it is a relatively new area. Challenges encountered in the developing countries include power failure, equipment failure and difficult dissection due to the usage of less potent energy sources. Despite this myriads of challenges posed by such a novel technique Laparoscopic surgery can be safe, feasible and effective, even in a resource poor setting. However in time to come, it will be expedient to provide more Laparoscopic facilities and a dedicated theatre suit and train more personnel in order to upgrade the range of procedures, that can be performed in the developing world.

Keywords: Laparoscopy; Cholecystectomy; Gall Bladder; Ports; Complications


  1. Airan M., et al. “Retrospective and prospective multi-institutional laparoscopic cholecystectomy study by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons”. Surgical Endoscopy 6 (1992): 169-176.
  2. Barkum AN., et al. “Useful predictors of bile duct stones in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy”. Annals of Surgery 220 (1994): 32-9.
  3. Bartlett DL., et al. “Long-term results after resection for gallbladder cancer: Implications for Staging and Management”. Annals of Surgery 224 (1996): 639-646.
  4. Berci G and Morgenstern L. “Laparoscopic Management of common bile duct stones”. Surgical Endoscopy 8 (1994): 1168-1175.
  5. Berrevoet E., et al. “Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Belgium: what are we waiting for?” Acta Chirurgica Belgica 106 (2006): 537-540.
  6. Branum G., et al. “Management of Major biliary complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy”. Annals of Surgery 217 (1993): 532-541.
  7. Calik A., et al. “Routine intraoperative aspiration of gallbladder during laparoscopic cholecystectomy”. Surgical Endoscopy (2007): 7.
  8. Callagham J. “Twenty-five years of gallbladder surgery in a small rural hospital”. American Journal of Surgery 169 (1995): 313-315.
  9. Champault A., et al. “Low-cost laparoscopic cholecystectomy”. British Journal of Surgery 8 (2002)9: 1602-1607.
  10. Chijiiwa K., et al. “Surgical treatment of patients with T2 gallbladder carcinoma invading the subserosal layer”. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 192 (2001): 600-607.
  11. Clavies PA., et al. “Proposed classification of complications of surgery with examples of utility in cholecystectomy”. Surgery 111 (1992): 518-516.
  12. Cleary SP., et al. “Cancer of the gall bladder and extrahepatic bile ducts”. Current Problems in Surgery 44 (2007): 396-482.
  13. Coburn NG., et al. “Surgery for gallbladder cancer: A population-based analysis”. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 207 (2008): 371-382.
  14. Cullen DJ., et al. “ASA Physical status and age predict morbidity after three surgical procedures”. Annals of Surgery 220 (1994): 3-9.
  15. Davies MG., et al. “Audit of open cholecystectomy in a district general hospital”. British Journal of Surgery 79 (1992): 314-316.
  16. De Aretxabala XA., et al. “Curative resection in potentially resectable tumours of the gallbladder”. European Journal of Surgery 163 (1997): 419-426.
  17. Fong Y., et al. “Gallbladder carcinoma discovered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Aggressive resection is beneficial”. Cancer 83 (1998): 423-427.
  18. Deziel DJ., et al. “Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a national survey of 4292 hospitals and an analysis of 77,604 cases”. American Journal of Surgery 165 (1993): 9-14.
  19. Deziel DJ. “Complications of cholecystectomy”. Surgical Clinics of North America 74 (1994): 809-23
  20. Dixon E., et al. “An aggressive surgical approach leads to improved survival in patients with gallbladder cancer: A 12-year study at a North American Center”. Annals of Surgery3 (2005): 385-394.

Citation: Obonna George Chilaka., et al. “Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 3.7 (2022): 29-35.

Copyright: © 2022 Obonna George Chilaka., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US