Spectrum of Psychosocial Dimensions of Cancer in Indian Scenario: An Analytic Review
Samhita Bhushan1, Sukhen Joshi2, Mayank Pancholi3, Jyoti Ranjan Swain4* and Rishila Majumder
1Assistant Professor, Psychiatry, RDGMC, Ujjain, India
2Senior Resident, General Surgery, RDGMC, Ujjain, India
3Surgical Oncology, Ujjain, India
4Assistant Professor, Surgical Oncology, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, India
5Senior Resident, Department of Pathology, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding Author: Jyoti Ranjan Swain, Assistant Professor, Surgical Oncology, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, India.
Received: May 12, 2022; Published: June 07, 2022
Background: Psycho-oncology refers to diverse psychological, social, behavioral issues related to cancer prevention, treatment and survivorship. The prevalence of cancer in India is around 2.25 million with 1.1 million new cases per year. This research analyzed psychological and social factors affecting the victims of cancer in India and identified the role of various dynamic factors in its management.
Material and Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional study comprising 120 patients was conducted. A psychosocial questionnaire reflecting patient’s feelings, experiences and factors for abandonment and amotivation was used. Descriptive statistics was used for analyses.
Results: 50% of the study population constituted newly diagnosed cancer patients. Head and Neck cancer was the commonest cancer, affecting 37% of the patients. 41% patients were compliant, 31% patients were partially compliant, (28%) patients were noncompliant to the treatment. (63%) patients continued treatment with follow up. (28%) patients abandoned the treatment and (9%) patients got deceased. A financial constraint was the commonest reason for abandonment accounting for 65% of the patients. 74% patients experienced psychosocial stigma.
Conclusion: This research highlights the factors like financial stressors and obstacles like abandonment in the journey of a cancer patient in a rural Indian setup.
Keywords: Psychosocial; Cancer; Abandonment
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