Climate Induced, Opportunistic Nosocomial Fungal Infections: Its Prevention and Control
Ravi Kant Upadhyay*
Department of Zoology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Ravi Kant Upadhyay, Department of Zoology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, UP, India.
Received: June 07, 2021; Published: June 24, 2021
This paper explains recently emerged climate induced opportunistic nosocomial infections in detail with its prevention and control. All these fungal infections have been emerged all of a sudden in hospitalized patients those who are under clinical care, recovered and in home isolation. Recent corona virus pandemic raised this problem as the high dosages of steroids, calcium, zinc and hot vapors inhalation prepared humid a platform on which fungal spores have grown in nasal sacs, eyes, ears, and transferred to internal organ systems lungs, brain and blood, caused septicemia and death of patients. Most of the dermatophytes grow over skin surface and utilize epidermal cells of skin, nails and hair follicles and cause black lesions. Invasive fungal disease mainly mucormycosis and others evoke all of sudden due to immunological defects, use of concomitant immunomodulators or immunosuppressive therapies or steroids to cure Covid-19 patients. For avoiding entry of spores in sinuses or lungs through inhalation of air, double layered mask is essential. This article suggests complete avoidance of steroids by autoimmune or immune deficient patients. For better recovery an early diagnosis, treatment by using fast acting anti-fungal agents and surgery of mucor-mycosis patients are highly important.
Keywords: Invasive Fungal Diseases; Molds; Opportunistic Nosocomial Infections; Aspergillosis; Candidiasis; Mucor-Mycosis
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