Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Letter to EditorVolume 2 Issue 6

Is Yellow Fungus Deadlier than White Fungus and Black Fungus?

Haritma Nigam1* and Abhishek Dubey2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pacific Dental College and Research Centre, Udaipur Rajasthan, India
2Consultant Periodontist, Dental Officer, ECHS-Ministry of Defence, Gol, India

*Corresponding Author: Haritma Nigam, Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pacific Dental College and Research Centre, Udaipur Rajasthan, India.

Received: May 25, 2021; Published: June 05, 2021

Citation: Haritma Nigam and Abhishek Dubey. “Is Yellow Fungus Deadlier than White Fungus and Black Fungus?" Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 2.7 (2021): 43-45.


Rising cases of black fungus and white fungus have been reported in several states all over country among Covid-19 patients. We were getting well aware of the manifestations of these fungus then another new fungal infection knocked the door. On 24 May 2021 reported the first case of yellow fungus in a patient suffering from COVID-19 in Ghaziabad.

This, literature gives the insight view of manifestations of the above-mentioned fungal infections.


Keywords: Black Fungus; COVID-19; White Fungus; Yellow Fungus


  1. Waldorf AR. “Pulmonary defense mechanisms against opportunistic fungal pathogens”. Immunotherapy Services 47 (1989): 243-271.
  2. Kontoyiannis DP., et al. “Zygomycoses in a tertiary-care cancer center in the era of Aspergillus-active antifungal therapy: a case-control observational study of 27 recent cases”. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 191 (2005): 1350-1360.
  3. Mortensen KL., et al. “A prospective surve of Aspergillus in respiratory tract samples: prevalence, clinical impact and antifungal susceptibility”. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 30 (2011): 1355-1363.
  4. Nguyen LDN., et al. “The lung mycobiome: an emerging field of the human respiratory”. Microbiology 6 (2015): 89.
  5. Máiz L., et al. “Prevalence and factors associated with isolation of Aspergillus and Candida from sputum in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis”. Respiration 89 (2015): 396-403.
  6. Hoenigl M. “Invasive fungal disease complicating COVID-19: when it rains it pours external icon”. Clinical Infectious Diseases (2020).
  7. Gangneux JP., et al. “Invasive fungal diseases during COVID-19: We should be prepared external icon”. Journal of Medical Mycology (2020).
  8. COVID-19 Infection and Anti-Aging Gene Inactivation”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health5 (2020): 01-02.

Copyright: © 2021 Haritma Nigam and Abhishek Dubey. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US