Clinical and Demographic Profile of Gynaecological Malignancies in Eastern India
Seema Devi1*, Rajesh Kumar Singh2, Sangeeta Pankaj3 and Abhishek Kumar4
1Additional Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
2Professor and HOD, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
3Professor and HOD, Department of Gynae Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
4PG 3rd Year, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
*Corresponding Author: Seema Devi, Additional Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India.
April 13, 2023; Published: March 21, 2023
Introduction: Globally Carcinoma Breast is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and it is the leading cause of death among the females and carcinoma cervix comes on the 4th position regarding the incidence and mortality (1) In India Carcinoma Cervix and Carcinoma Breast are the commonest cancer in females and it contributed 39.4% of total cancer in 2020. Worldwide female reproductive cancers are the main cause of cancer deaths in females, Common cancers are carcinoma breast, Carcinoma cervix and Carcinoma Endometrium, Carcinoma Ovary (4).
Material and Method: All histologically proven cases of gynaecological malignancies including Breast registered under hospital-based cancer registry were included in this. The total patient present in our hospital were distributed based on various demographic categories based on gender, age group and district of their residence.
Result: Total 32057 cases have been registered from year 2014 to 2021. In which 15825 cases were females. 6718 cases were of gynaecological cancers. In which 3392 cases were of Carcinoma Breast, 2039 (30.8%) cases were of Carcinoma Cervix, 1103(16.42%) cases were of Carcinoma Ovary, 68 (1.01%) cases were of Carcinoma Endometrium, 77 cases (1.5%) cases of carcinoma corpus uteri, 39 (0.5%) cases were of carcinoma vulva.
Conclusion: Retrospective analysis of 6718 cases was done with HBCR in the department of Radiation Oncology.
- A total of 6718 cases were analysed.
- Breast carcinoma was the most common malignancy which contributed about 10.58% of all the cancers and 50.49% of all the gynaecological malignancies.
- Year wise distribution shown carcinoma cervix was commonest malignancy in the earlier years 2014-2018, After 2019 carcinoma cervix became the 2nd commonest and carcinoma breast became the commonest malignancy among the gynaecological malignancies.
- Common age of presentation 35-64 years in all the gynaecological cancers.
- Lower Incidence shown in carcinoma breast and carcinoma ovary in elderly age group 65-85 years of age group.
- Earlier age group was 13.9% in Carcinoma Breast and Carcinoma Ovary 20.9%, Carcinoma Vulva 15.3%, and carcinoma corpus uteri 14.2%.
Keywords: Gynaecological Malignancies; Carcinoma Breast; Carcinoma Cervix; Carcinoma Endometrium; Carcinoma Ovary
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