Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Cancer Result from Hospital Based Cancer Registry Data
Seema Devi1*, Rajesh Kumar Singh2, Shradha Raj3, Abhishek Kumar4 and Aman Prakash5
1Additional Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
2Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
3Assistant Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
4PG 3rd Year, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
5Statistian, State Cancer Institute, IGIMS, Patna, India
*Corresponding Author: Seema Devi, Additional Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India.
February 13, 2023; Published: February 28, 2023
Background: 19.3 million new cases and almost 10 million cancer deaths are estimated, Cancer of gastrointestinal tract represent about one-fifth (30%) of cancer incidence and about one-third (40%) of all cancer related deaths. Approximately 1 million new cases of carcinoma stomach and 769000 deaths. Ranking 5th for incidence and fourth in position for cancer-related death. According to the Indian Cancer Registry Programme in 2020, 1400000 new cases were diagnosed. This article describes the Hospital Based Cancer Registry incidence of various types Cancer in the region under investigation of Gallbladder, Liver , Stomach, Colorectum, pancreas and esophagus which includes Gallbladder cancer, Liver cancer, stomach cancer, Colorectal cancer, Pancreas cancer and esophagus cancer.
Material and Method: Retrospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Radiation Oncology at State Cancer Institute, Patna, (Bihar). We analyzed the cancer records from 2014 to 2022, all the histopathologic ally confirmed cases of GIT cancer including gallbladder cancer and biliary tract disease, esophagus cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, pancreas cancer, colorectal cancer were included. We analyzed the data decoding according to disease, Common age group, Male: Female ratio of upper GIT tumor.
Result: Total Gastro Intestinal Tumor cases in our study were 27.4% of all registered cases. Most common cancer of upper GIT in a study was carcinoma gall bladder in which 4204 cases were registered. Most of the cases registered were from Patna. Most common age group was 50-60 years of age. which contributed 1748 cases (41.5%) cases. Most of the cases registered were from Patna district as well as 2nd most cases were registered in Vaishali District, Muzaffarpur was 3rd according to number of cases.
Keywords: HBCR Cancer Gallbladder; Cancer Liver; Cancer Stomach; Cancer Pancreas; Cancer Colorectal; Cancer Esophagus
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