Seema Rai*, Shonali Chhatar, Shubhada Kalvit and Pravin Kalvit
Department of Zoology, Guru Ghasidas Vishawishvavidyalaya, Koni, Bilaspur, India
*Corresponding Author: Seema Rai, Department of Zoology, Guru Ghasidas Vishawishvavidyalaya, Koni, Bilaspur, India.
Received: June 19, 2021;; Published: July 13, 2021
Introduction: Hypothyroidism is a common thyroid disorder. It affects people all over the world irrespective of age, sex, race, and level of wealth and education. Prevalence of hypothyroidism is 2-4% in women in their reproductive age groups. Hypothyroidism can affect fertility due to anovulatory cycles, luteal phase defects, hyperprolactinemia and sex hormone imbalances. The objective of present study is to do an assessment regarding the prevalence of clinical/sub-clinical hypothyroidism in infertile women and the treatment responses for hypothyroidism on infertility.
Methods: A total of 120 infertile women were found who, visited, the infertility clinic for the first time. Reports of clinical parameter such as obtained for, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), prolactin (PRL) and estrogen (E2). Analysis were done at early stage of infertility checkup, instead of straight away going for more expensive tests or invasive procedures. Results: Finding, suggest an increased level of TSH, PRL AND E2 in infertile women of middle age (30 - 40 yrs).
Conclusion: Identification of hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia during early and late reproductive stage stages can be preventive in infertile females hence such screening should be mandatory in the primary phage of such females.
Keywords: Thyroid; Hypothyroidism; Hyperprolactinemia; Fertility
Citation: Seema Rai., et al. “A Clinical Report on Association of Hypothyroidism and Hyperprolactinemia with Female Fertility”. Acta Scientific Cancer Biology 5.8 (2021): 04-08.
Copyright: © 2021 Seema Rai., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.