Blaise Makoso Nimi1,2, François Lepira Bompeka1, Aliocha Nkodila3*, Williams Ilenga2,4, Gédeon Long-Longo5, Dieudonné Vangu Ngoma5, Patrick Kayembe Kalambayi6, Eulethère Kintoki Vita1, Jean René M’Buyamba-Kabangu1 and Benjamin Longo Mbenza1,5
1Département de Médecine Interne, Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, Democratic
Republic of the Congo
2Faculté de Médecine, Université Kasa vubu de Boma, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Centre Médical Cité des Aveugles Mont Ngafula, Democratic Republic of the Congo
4Service d’Anatomopathologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
5Centre Hospitalier Lomo-Médical, Democratic Republic of the Congo
6Ecole de Santé Publique, Département de Bio-statistique, Democratic Republic of the Congo
*Corresponding Author: Aliocha Nkodila, Centre Médical Cité des Aveugles Mont Ngafula, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Received: February 13, 2020; Published: April 27, 2020
Background: The risk for CVD starts to increase at BP levels above 115/75 mmHg. Therefore, early detection of individuals with mild to moderate BP increase could help reducing hypertension-associated CV risk. The present survey was aimed to assess the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in adults living in a port City.
Methods: In the present cross-sectional survey, a sample of households was systematically selected from the port City of Boma ant its rural suburb. A total of 3510 adult subjects (2265 men and 1245 women) were included in the study. Demographic, socioeconomic, clinical and biological data were collected using WHO Stepwise questionnaire. Systolic and diastolic BP were as well as heart rate measured for all subjects. Blood examination included only fasting capillary blood glucose taken between 8 - 10 hours a.m. following 12 hours of fasting. Prehypertension and hypertension were defined according to JNC7 guidelines. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess risk factors associated with both conditions. P values < 0.05 defined the level of statistical significance.
Results: The crude prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 11.4% and 35.5%, respectively. Increased age, overweight and obesity emerged as the main factors associated with both conditions whereas family history of hypertension and smoking were only associated with hypertension.
Conclusion: Prehypertension and hypertension were a common finding in the present survey and associated with lifestyle factors. A strategy based on therapeutic lifestyle changes and pharmacologic therapy (if needed) is awaited.
Keywords: Prehypertension; Hypertension; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Black Africans
Citation: Aliocha Nkodila., et al. “Prehypertension, Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors among Adults Living in the Port City of Boma in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey”.Acta Scientific Cancer Biology 4.5 (2020): 24-32.
Copyright: © 2020 Aliocha Nkodila., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.