Determination of Macronutrients and Micronutrients in Tigernuts
Omolola Morufat Ajila1, Rahamatu Shamsiyyah Iliya3, Hassan Shehu
Mohammed2 and Abdullahi Haruna2*
1Department of Nutrition and dietetics Kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3Center for Distance Learning, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Abdullahi Haruna, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
September 05, 2022; Published: September 10, 2022
Tiger nut is one of the widely distributed and underutilized plants in tropical and subtropical regions and it is laden with minerals and vitamins that are beneficial to the body. This study is aim to produce and carry out the quality assessment of baobab pulp enriched tiger nut milk drink. Tiger nut was Dried, Sorted, Washed, Soaked, Drained, Blended, Filtered, Homogenized, Bottled, and Cooled, macronutrients and micronutrients contents were determined using proximate analysis. The study shows vitamin composition, such as thiamin (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (vitamin B2) and Niacin (vitamin B3). The moisture content range between 42.71 to 33.86%. The protein and ash content enriched value ranges between 16.15 to 10.03%. The fibre content ranged from 1.27 to 0.26% with sample A, having the list value of 0.26%. The carbohydrate was 33.22 to 26.28%. Magnesium (Mg), Potassium (K), Phosphorous (P), and Calcium (Ca) were the major in organic constituents of the ash in all studied samples. Among the trace elements (Mg, K, P and Ca) are a bit high and are within the limits advised for nutrition. The current studies revealed that tiger nut tuber have high Magnesium, Potassium, Phosphorous and calcium and low Iron, mineral contents. Therefore, tiger nut flour could be used as supplementation for cereal flour to improve the important nutrients needed in the body.
Keywords: Tigernut; Vitamins; Minerals; Protein; Carbohydrate; Ash; Fibre; Fat
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