Acta Scientific Biotechnology

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Vitamin E From Microbes: Extraction, Analysis and Application

Patel Prachi K, Gohel Payal K, Vora Axita P, Mistry Parth R, Rathod Zalak R* and Saraf Meenu S

Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, University school of sciences, Gujarat, India

*Corresponding Author: Rathod Zalak R, Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, University school of sciences, Gujarat, India.

Received: December 30, 2021; Published: March 19, 2022

Abstract

Different types of important vitamins can’t be made or can be generated but not in adequate quantity by the higher species, so they must be received externally through diet. Some of the natural sources that produce vitamins include several plants, animals, vegetable oils, most fishes and certain microorganisms. Due to higher demand, significant use of microorganisms to produce vitamins is under development and research. Vitamin E is an important and significant antioxidant that is fat-soluble and protects the body from free radicals. There are mainly two types of vitamin E: tocopherol and tocotrienol, which are subdivided into a total of eight types. Shikimate and/or MVA (Mevalonate) or MEP (2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate) Pathway synthesise this. Vitamin E is needed to keep skeletal, heart, and smooth muscle structure and function healthy. It also aids in the development of red blood cells and the maintenance of fat-soluble vitamins A and K, iron and other minerals. Vitamin E deficiency can result in anemia, heart disease, serious neurological problems, poor vision, etc. Although various strains of microorganisms like bacteria, yeasts, and algae are known to be isolated for the production of vitamin E. Extraction processes are employed to obtain an extract which is further purified by certain purification techniques. Various quantitative and qualitative analyses of extracts are used to check the quality and quantify the vitamin content of the particular strain. Further characterization by DNA sequencing method is used to identify strains from unknown sources. The sequences are analysed and an online local alignment tool is utilised to find out the organism.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Extraction; HGA-homogentisic Acid; Tocopherol; Tocotrienol

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Citation

Citation: Rathod Zalak R., et al. “Vitamin E From Microbes: Extraction, Analysis and Application".Acta Scientific Biotechnology 3.1 (2022): 17-27.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Rathod Zalak R., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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