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Acta Scientific Biotechnology

Editorial Volume 1 Issue 11

Current Approaches and Successes toward Mycochemical in Sustainable Weed Management: An Editorial

Ajay Kumar Singh* and Akhilesh Kumar Pandey

Mycological Research Laboratory, Department of Biological Science, Rani Durgawati University, Jabalpur, MP, India

*Corresponding Author: Ajay Kumar Singh, Mycological Research Laboratory, Department of Biological Science, Rani Durgawati University, Jabalpur, MP, India.

Received: August 23, 2020; Published: September 16, 2020

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  Weeds are undesirable vegetation directly or indirectly inferring with human welfare. Weeds are serious threat to agriculture lands, forest, environment and human health. There were several methods of weed management. Physical method has known as popular method of weed control but having several demerits. Due to sever labour shortage and increase cost of labour has affected this method. Second approach of weed control by chemical herbicide have play important role in weed control. The pesticide application having several problems viz., contamination of water, residues and resistance problem in weed, narrow spectrum of activity, effect on non-target organisms. So, we need alternative approach for weed control and discovery, develop of novel, economically and ecofriendly sustainable weed control management method. The biocontrol of weeds is based on application of insect, Biotrophic fungi (rust fungi), necrotrophic fungi and their secondary metabolites. Application of living fungal cells or the natural metabolites have ability to control weed populations without harming the environment. This approach is ecofriendly and avoid herbicide resistance. Now a day, the application and demand of organic agriculture has increased, due to that the demand for new mycoherbicide with organic nature has increase. The novel mycoherbicide developed from fungal pathogens spores or their natural products. During my PhD research work, I have isolated and recovered more than 1000 isolates of pathogenic fungi from major weeds of Central India such as Parthenium hysterophorus, Lantana camara, Xanthium strumarium, Hyptis suaveolens, Sida acuta, Cassia tora and Antignon leptopus etc. The recovered and identified fungal strains are Alternaria alternata, Alternaria macrospora, Curvularia lunata, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f.sp. parthenii, C. dematium, Myrothecium roridum, Sclerotium rolfsii, Fusarium solani, F. oxysporum, Fusarium moniliforme, Drechslera sp. Helminthosporium sp and Phoma herbarum, etc. These strains have shown significant pathogenic potential and satisfied most of the requirements and desired for mycoherbicidal development for above mentioned weeds [1].

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References

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  18. Barbosa A., et al. “Phytotoxin produced by Bipolaris euphorbiae in-vitro is effective against the weed Euphorbia heterophylla”. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 45 (2002): 233-240.
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Citation

Citation: Ajay Kumar Singh and Akhilesh Kumar Pandey. “Current Approaches and Successes toward Mycochemical in Sustainable Weed Management: An Editorial". Acta Scientific Biotechnology 1.11 (2020): 01-03.




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