Biochemistry, Post-Phd Fellow in Forest Engineering at the Federal University of Viçosa
*Corresponding Author: Isadora Ferreira, Biochemistry, Post-Phd Fellow in Forest Engineering at the Federal University of Viçosa.
Received: January 18, 2020; Published: April 30, 2020
Fossil fuels including coal, oil and natural gas, are currently the world’s main energy sources. Formed from organic material from ancient times, they were an indisputable source of energy over six decades ago until the energy crisis in the 1970s. The dramatic increase in oil prices at this time, along with increasing evidence of the links between climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have awakened the interest in alternative energy sources. In recent years, bioethanol has become a promising alternative to fossil fuel in the transportation sector. It is generally classified into 1st, 2nd and 3rd generation. The 1st generation is produced on a commercial scale worldwide, using mainly corn, sugarcane and wheat, but it can also use sweet potato, cassava and sweet sorghum. Its production amounted to over 13 billion gallons in 2007 and to 27 billion gallons in 2017.
Citation: Isadora Ferreira. “2G Bioethanol". Acta Scientific Biotechnology 1.6 (2020): 01-02.
Copyright: © 2020 Isadora Ferreira. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.