Varun Kumar VS, Tarun K Upadhyay*, Satish Kumar Sinha, Manas Mathur, Rakesh Kumar Prajapat, Rabindra Kumar and Sushil Kumar Sharma
School of Agriculture and Research, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India
*Corresponding Author: Tarun Kumar Upadhyay, Assistant Professor, Biotechnology, School of Agriculture and Research, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India.
Received: March 11, 2020; Published: March 18, 2020
Due to increased use of fertilizers and chemicals causes environmental pollution and it can be reduced by using nano-based formulations. As nanofertilizers reduce the loss of nutrients to the atmosphere by delivering the nutrients whenever required and in a sustained manner, nanopesticides are also very helpful in controlling pests as they release toxins and kill the pests whenever it attacks the plant. Both nanofertilizers and nanopesticide help in reducing the days and dosage of the treatment. Nano-fertilizers are gradually been used as alternatives to conventional fertilizers and reduce pollution of soil and water by different agrochemicals. Nano-fertilizers release nutrients in slow and sustained manner and thereby reduce the loss of nutrients and enhance the nutrient use efficiency. In traditional pest control methods, producers excessively use pesticides, which pose a significant economic burden. Although there are some benefits of pesticide use, it can cause major problems in terms of environment, animal and human health due to potential toxicity (chromosome abnormalities, inhibition of erythrocyte function, enzyme inhibition, water pollution, etc.). Nanotechnological formulations can help to decrease toxic effects on non-target organisms, and develop physicochemical stability also prohibit degradation of the active agent by microorganisms. Nanotechnology also used in water purification techniques, water purification using nanotechnology utilizes nanosized materials such as carbon nanotubes and alumina fibers for nanofiltration, and it also utilizes the nanosized pores in zeolite filtration membranes and nanocatalysts. Nanosensors, such as those based on titanium oxide nanowires or palladium nanoparticles are used for the analytical detection of contaminants in water samples.
Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture; Nano Application; Slow Release Fertilizers; Plant Protection; Nanosensors; Carbon Nanotubes
Citation: Tarun K Upadhyay., et al. “Recent Nanotechnological Advancement in Sustainable Agriculture".Acta Scientific Biotechnology 1.4 (2020): 18-29.
Copyright: © 2020 Tarun K Upadhyay., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.