Acta Scientific Biotechnology(ASBT)

Editorial Volume 1 Issue 1

Gold Nanoparticles: Chemistry and Antimicrobial Potentials

Debajit Borah*

Department of Biotechnology, The Assam Royal Global University, India

*Corresponding Author: Debajit Borah, Department of Biotechnology, The Assam Royal Global University, India.

Received: December 30, 2019; Published: January 01, 2020

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  Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) are inert in nature just as metallic gold whose atomic weight is 79 kDa. Au NPs owing to its chemical, physical and optical properties with a rich history since ancient times and an intense future in the field of biological and chemical sciences quenching the solution for medicinal problems as catalyst, cell markers, drug delivery tools etc. [1].

   Gold nanoparticles appear in ruby red color due to a phenomenon called Surface Plasmon Resonance, which was first explained by Mie by solving Maxwell equations [2]. The surface plasmon resonance is due to the resonance of incoming light with the surface electrons of nanoparticles that reflects light at the visible spectrum of wavelength of around 520 nm. The surface plasmon resonance is not effective in nanoparticles of size less than 2 nm due to the quantum size effect [3]. Gold nanoparticles of different shapes such as spherical, oblong, rod etc., can be synthesized by altering the method of preparation and parameters. Concentrations of reagents, temperature, pH, pressure, time of reaction are some of the important parameters, which need to be controlled for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles [4].

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References

  1. Giljohann DA., et al. “Gold Nanoparticles for Biology and Medicine”. Angewandte Chemie 49 (2010): 3280-3294. 
  2. Haiss W., et al. “Determination of Size and Concentration of Gold Nanoparticles from UV-Vis Spectra”. Annals of Chemistry 79 (2007): 4215-4221.
  3. Ghosh S., et al. “Gnidia glauca flower extract mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles and evaluation of its chemocatalytic potential”. Journal of Nanobiotechnology 10 (2012): 17.
  4. Das SK and Marsili E. “Bioinspired Metal Nanoparticle: Synthesis, Properties and Application”. Nanomaterials. InTech (2011).
  5. Rosi NL., et al. “Oligonucleotide-Modified Gold Nanoparticles for Intracellular Gene Regulation”. Science (2016): 1027-1030. 
  6. Nikaido H and Pages JM. “Broad-specificity efflux pumps and their role in multidrug resistance of Gram-negative bacteria”. FEMS Microbiology Review (2012): 340-363.
  7. Opperman TJ and Nguyen ST. “Recent advances toward a molecular mechanism of efflux pump inhibition”. Frontiers in Microbiology 6 (2015): 421.
  8. Ce ́ sar de la Fuente-Nu ́ n ̃ ez., et al. “Bacterial biofilm development as a multicellular adaptation: antibiotic resistance and new therapeutic strategies”. Current Opinion in Microbiology 16 (2013): 580-589.
  9. Harrison JJ., et al. “High-throughput metal susceptibility testing of microbial biofilms”. BMC Microbiology 5 (2005): 53.
  10. Kostakioti M., et al. “Bacterial Biofilms: Development, Dispersal, and Therapeutic Strategies in the Dawn of the Postantibiotic Era”. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine 3 (2013): a010306. 
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Citation

Citation: Debajit Borah. “Gold Nanoparticles: Chemistry and Antimicrobial Potentials".Acta Scientific Biotechnology 1.2 (2020): 01-02.




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