Acta Scientific Applied Physics

Conceptual Paper Volume 3 Issue 4

Action at an Apparent Distance

William Scott Smith*

1Department of Physics, Bar-Ilan University, Israel 2Department of Management, Bar-Ilan University, Israel 3Economics and Logistics Studies, Faculty of Economics, Ashkelon Academic College, Israel 4Graduate School of Business Administration, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

*Corresponding Author: William Scott Smith, Independent Researcher, Spokane, Washington, USA.

Received: January 11, 2023; Published: March 27, 2023


When an atom simultaneously emits twin photons which travel off in different directions, if the first photon to be absorbed by another atom reveals itself to be an up-spin photon then the other photon will ultimately reveal itself to be a down-spin photon, and vice versa. It has been experimentally demonstrated that the spin of each atom is not determined at the time of its emission. Seemingly, the spins of both photons are determined in the instant that the that the first photon is absorbed by a second atom. Problematically, this seems to imply that the first photon must send a message to the second photon so it knows that it must manifest the opposite spin, and that such a message would have to travel faster than the speed of light, which is correctly forbidden by Relativity.

Current theories are based on the assumption that there can be no physical connection between the photons since nothing physical can travel any distance, faster than the speed of light. Therefore, these theories inherently cannot offer a physical explanation of what might be taking place. However, by applying the herein-proposed theory Spacetime Locality-based Entanglement, Einstein's Spooky Action At A Distance is reconciled with light-speed limitation considerations, by employing the Relativistic principle of Distance-Contraction. It is argued that the twin-photons, in their own stationary reference-frame maintain a Light-Speed-Contracted-Distance Separation of zero while at the same time, a stationary observer sees a potentially enormous, non-contracted separation-distance that can extend to intergalactic distances and endlessly beyond.

Keywords: Spooky Action At A Distance; Relativistic Entanglement; Locality; Non-locality; Spacetime; Time Dilation; Distance Contraction; Faster-than-light Prohibition



    Citation: William Scott Smith. “Action at an Apparent Distance". Acta Scientific Applied Physics 3.4 (2023): 34-37.


    Copyright: © 2023 William Scott Smith. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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