Engineering Perspective on Technical Challenges Associated with Corn Grain Storage
Kajal Rajput and Vinod S Amar*
Archer Daniels and Midland Company, Decatur, USA
*Corresponding Author: Vinod S Amar, Archer Daniels and Midland Company, Decatur, USA.
April 24, 2022; Published:
Grain can also be called food (different names in different regions) being a necessity for any human being to survive on the planet, making us recompense more attention to storage and prevention from impairment to full fill the requirements of mankind. The overall objective of grain storage is to preserve the quality, including nutritive value, and to keep the grains in good condition for marketing and processing, thereby reducing product and financial losses. In this paper, we shall discuss the challenges associated with corn grain storage across the nation and offer solutions to prevent their storage from engineering perspective to satisfy the production demand by meeting the market requirements. We have also identified some factors that can be beneficial to the owner/responsible personnel towards making sure we have demanded grain available desired time and quantity.
Keywords: Corn Grain; Temperature; Moisture Control; Infrastructure; Storage
- Maja M M and Ayano S F. “The impact of population growth on natural resources and farmers’ capacity to adapt to climate change in low-income countries”. Earth Systems and Environment2 (2021): 271-283.
- McClements D J., et al. “Building a Resilient, sustainable, and healthier food supply through innovation and technology”. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology 12 (2021): 1-28.
- Hay P and Mitchison D. “Urbanization and eating disorders: a scoping review of studies from 2019 to 2020”. Current Opinion in Psychiatry3 (2021): 287-292.
- Peled S and Livney Y D. “The role of dietary proteins and carbohydrates in gut microbiome composition and activity: a review”. Food Hydrocolloids 120 (2021): 106911.
- Price B E., et al. “Effects of nonnutritional sugars on lipid and carbohydrate content, physiological uptake, and excretion in Drosophila suzukii”. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology2 (2022): e21860.
- Pagliai G., et al. “Consumption of ultra-processed foods and health status: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. British Journal of Nutrition3 (2021): 308-318.
- Mahalaxmi P P and Hanabaratti K D. “A Review: Classification of Food Grains and Quality Prediction” (2020).
- Arnawa I K., et al. “Food security program towards community food consumption”. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems2 (2019): 1198-1210.
- Grover K K., et al. “Corn grain yields and yield stability in four long‐term cropping systems”. Agronomy Journal4 (2009): 940-946.
- Hesterman O B., et al. “Performance of commercial corn hybrids under conventional and no‐tillage systems”. Journal of Production Agriculture3 (1988): 202-206.
- Carena MJ. “Maize commercial hybrids compared to improved population hybrids for grain yield and agronomic performance”. Euphytica3 (2005): 201-208.
- Pingali P. “Agricultural policy and nutrition outcomes–getting beyond the preoccupation with staple grains”. Food Security3 (2015): 583-591.
- Timmer C P. “Behavioral dimensions of food security”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences31 (2012): 12315-12320.
- Helms M. “Food sustainability, food security and the environment”. British Food Journal (2014).
- Amekawa Y. “Reflections on the growing influence of good agricultural practices in the global south”. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics6 (2009): 531-557.
- Gravani R B. “The role of good agricultural practices in produce safety”. Microbial Safety of Fresh Produce (2009): 101-117.
- Dutta A., et al. “A comprehensive review on grain legumes as climate-smart crops: challenges and prospects”. Environmental Challenges (2022): 100479.
- Villers P. “Aflatoxins and safe storage”. Frontiers in Microbiology 5 (2014): 158.
- Fuller S., et al. “Effects of improving transportation infrastructure on competitiveness in world grain markets”. Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing4 (2003): 61-85.
- Ali N. “Grain Storage Facilitating the Human Survival”. Agricultural Engineering Today2 (2012): 26-29.
- Gustafson R L. “Implications of recent research on optimal storage rules”. Journal of Farm Economics2 (1958): 290-300.
- de Carvalho Lopes D., et al. “Aeration strategy for controlling grain storage based on simulation and on real data acquisition”. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture2 (2008): 140-146.
- Janzen J and B Swearingen. "Changes in US Grain Storage Capacity". farmdoc daily (10): 204, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, November 25 (2020).
- Rajendran S. “Grain storage: Perspectives and problems”. Handbook of Postharvest Technology: Cereals, Fruits, Vegetables, Tea and Spices; Marcel Dekker Inc.: New York, NY, USA (2003): 183-192.
- Nielsen R. “Storage and English government intervention in early modern grain markets”. The Journal of Economic History 1 (1997): 1-33.
- Barry P J., et al. “Farmers' credit risks and liquidity management”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 2 (1981): 216-227.
- Koh JM. “Analyzing the Fluctuations of International Grains Price and China's Influence on It”. Korean Journal of Agricultural Management and Policy (2009).
- Fadiji T., et al. “The efficacy of finite element analysis (FEA) as a design tool for food packaging: A review”. Biosystems Engineering 174 (2018): 20-40.
- Mikel M A. “Genetic composition of contemporary US commercial dent corn germplasm”. Crop Science2 (2011): 592-599.
- Palanisamy CP., et al. “A comprehensive review on corn starch-based nanomaterials: properties, simulations, and applications”. Polymers 9 (2020): 2161.
- Inlow D., et al. “Fermentation of corn starch to ethanol with genetically engineered yeast”. Biotechnology and Bioengineering2 (1988): 227-234.
- Ogunsona E., et al. “Advanced material applications of starch and its derivatives”. European Polymer Journal 108 (2018): 570-581.
- Beadle J B., et al. “Composition of corn oil”. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society2 (1965): 90-95.
- Barrera-Arellano D., et al. “Corn oil: composition, processing, and utilization”. In Corn (2019): 593-613.
- White J S. “Straight talk about high-fructose corn syrup: what it is and what it ain't”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 6 (2008): 1716S-1721S.
- Aiyer P V. “Amylases and their applications”. African Journal of Biotechnology13 (2005).
- Vincelli P., et al. “Aflatoxins in corn”. University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service: Lexington, KY, USA (1995).
- Semeniuk G and Gilman J C. “Relation of molds to the deterioration of corn in storage, a review”. In Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science 51.1 (1944): 265-280.
- Issa SF., et al. “Summary of agricultural confined-space related cases: 1964-2013”. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health1 (2016): 33-45.
- Brooker D B., et al. “Drying and storage of grains and oilseeds”. Springer Science and Business Media (1992).
- Gawande S B and Patil D I. “A review on causes for damaged sorghum and corn grains”. PRATIBHA: International Journal of Science, Spirituality, Business and Technology IJSSBT2 (2015).
- Ferrell S., et al. “Employee safety”. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service (1999).
- Astanakulov K D., et al. “Design of a grain cleaning machine for small farms”. AMA-Agricultural Mechanization in Asia Africa and Latin America4 (2011): 37.
- Bekmurodova M G. “Advanced grain cleaning machine for small enterprises. international scientific and technical”. Journal of Innovation Technical and Technology3 (2021): 29-31.
- Antunes A M., et al. “Development of an automated system of aeration for grain storage”. African Journal of Agricultural Research 43 (2016): 4293-4303.