Acta Scientific Applied Physics

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Challenges in Paddy Straw Procurement and its Effect on Cost of Power Generation

Manjeet Singh1, Harppdf/ASAPup>2, Yadwinder Singh Brar3, Kamalkant Sharma4 and Himanshu Monga5*

1Research Scholar, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab, India

2Associate Professor, GNDEC, Ludhiana, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab, India

3Professor, Electrical Engineering, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab, India

4Associate Professor, Chandigarh University, Mohali, Punjab, India

5Professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, Sundernagar, Mandi, HP, India

*Corresponding Author: Himanshu Monga, Professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, Sundernagar, Mandi, HP, India.

Received: September 09, 2021; Published: December 07, 2021


The focus towards the use of biomass for Power Generation has increased intensely from the past few years because of the awareness of global warming and a bad impact on the environment due to the combustion of fossil fuels. This paper addresses the challenges for power production using paddy straw faced during the procurement and its storage. The paper opted for an exploratory study using the open-ended approach of grounded theory, including sample collection and experimenting. It has been observed that the various challenges are farmer awareness, transportation cost, storage cost, degradation due to storage and pre-feeding costs. The results have shown that there is 20.49% decrease in Calorific Value due to degradation of paddy straw at storage. The cost of generation in the month of procurement is 0.02304$/kWh and it has been increased to 0.0289$/kWh.


Keywords: Biomass Combustion; Paddy Straw; Power Generation; Cost of Generation


  1. VJ Gutierrez-Martinez., et al. “Optimal Dispatch Model for Demand Response Aggregators”. Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology 1 (2019): 85-96.
  2. P Garg. “Energy scenario and vision 2020 in India”. The Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environment 1 (2012): 7-17.
  3. L Lillieblad., et al. “Boiler Operation Influence on the Emissions of Submicrometer-Sized Particles and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Biomass-Fired Grate Boilers”. Energy and Fuels2 (2004): 410-417.
  4. JD Martinez., et al. “Experimental study on biomass gasification in a double air stag downdraft reactor”. Biomass and Bioenergy 8 (2011): 3465-3480.
  5. NL Panwar., et al. “Role of renewable energy sources in environmental protection: A review”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 3 (2011):1513-1524.
  6. L Tripathi Renewable., et al. “energy: An overview on its contribution in current energy scenario of India”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 60 (2016): 226-233.
  7. AS Suntana., et al. “Bio-methanol potential in Indonesia: forest biomass as a source of bio-energy that reduces carbon emissions”. Applied Energy 86 (2019): S215-S221.
  8. AK Sharma. “Experimental investigations on a 20 kWe, solid biomass gasification system”. Biomass and Bioenergy 1 (2011): 421-428.
  9. R Luque., et al. “Biodiesel as feasible petrol fuel replacement: a multidisciplinary overview”. Energy and Environmental Science 11 (2010): 1706-1721.
  10. SS Saatchi and M Moghaddam. “Estimation of crown and stem water content and biomass of boreal forest using polarimetric SAR imagery”. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing2 (2000): 697-709.
  11. A Demirbaş. “Biomass Co-Firing for Boilers Associated with Environmental Impacts”. Energy Sources 14 (2005): 1385-1396.
  12. K Havlíčková., et al. “Modelling of biomass prices for bio-energy market in the Czech Republic”. The Journal Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory9 (2011): 1946-1956.
  13. N Sasaki., et al. “Woody biomass and bioenergy potentials in Southeast Asia between 1990 and 2020”. Applied Energy 86 (2009): S140-S150.
  14. N Lior. “Sustainable energy development: the present (2009) situation and possible paths to the future”. Energy10 (2010): 3976-3994.
  15. T Lap., et al. “Pathways for a Brazilian biobased economy: towards optimal utilization of biomass”. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining (2019).
  16. DC Pedraza-Zapata., et al. “Promising cellulolytic fungi isolates for rice straw degradation”. Journal of Microbiology9 (2017): 711-719.
  17. R Lou., et al. “Pyrolytic products from rice straw and enzymatic/mild acidolysis lignin (EMAL)”. Bio Resources4 (2010): 2184-2194.
  18. S Garivait., et al. “Physical and chemical properties of Thai biomass fuels from agricultural residues”. In The 2nd Joint International Conference on. Sustainable Energy and Environment (2006): 1-23.
  19. L Cuiping., et al. “Chemical elemental characteristics of biomass fuels in China”. Biomass and Bioenergy 2 (2004): 119-130.
  20. B Jenkins and J Ebeling. “Thermochemical properties of biomass fuels”. California Agriculture 5 (1985): 14-16.
  21. TA Smythe. “A preliminary socio-economic, technical and environmental feasibility study for Waste for Life in the Western Province of Sri Lanka”. University of the West (2011).
  22. BM Jenkins., et al. “Combustion properties of biomass”. Fuel Processing Technology 1-3 (1998): 17-46.
  23. R Saidur., et al. “A review on biomass as a fuel for boilers”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 5 (2011): 2262-2289.
  24. MR Islam., et al. “Characterization of biomass solid waste for liquid fuel production” (2001): 77-82.
  25. Z Liu., et al. “Energy from combustion of rice straw: status and challenges to China”. Energy and Power Engineering 3 (2011): 325.
  26. K Phichai., et al. “Prediction heating values of lignocellulosics from biomass characteristics”. Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering 7 (2013).
  27. SS Abdullah., et al. “Thermogravimetry study on pyrolysis of various lignocellulosic biomass for potential hydrogen production”. In Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (2010): 129-133.


Citation: Himanshu Monga., et al. “Challenges in Paddy Straw Procurement and its Effect on Cost of Power Generation". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 2.1 (2022): 02-08.


Copyright: © 2022 Himanshu Monga., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US