Acta Scientific Applied Physics (ASAP)

Short Communication Volume 1 Issue 2

Abstract Writing for a Scientific Paper

Parmod Kumar*

School of Energy and Electromechanical Engineering, Hunan University of Humanities, Science and Technology, China

*Corresponding Author: Parmod Kumar, School of Energy and Electromechanical Engineering, Hunan University of Humanities, Science and Technology, China.

Received: January 02, 2020; Published: January 31, 2020



  An abstract is a doorway to a scientific report, paper, and research proposal. After the title of the paper, an abstract is a most widely read section. Therefore, it is the most essential section of a research paper, report and grant proposal. An abstract should be drafted correctly, accurately, carefully, meticulously, descriptive, simple, specific, clear, scholarly, and structured. The four structural units of an abstract are ‘Background, Method, Results, and Conclusion’. Each of these parts is important, and the results are usually a little longer. Abstracts should not have any citations and the use of any citation in the abstract is inappropriate. The abstract should contain important words (keywords) for appropriate indexing purposes.

Keywords: Method; Results; Conclusion



  1. Heldring N., et al. “Estrogen receptors: how do they signal and what are their targets”. Physiology Review 3 (2007): 905-931.
  2. Rettberg JR., et al. “Estrogen: a master regulator of bioenergetic systems in the brain and body”. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology1 (2014): 8-30.
  3. Jayne Leonard. Healthline Media UK ltd, United Kingdom (2018).
  4. Nock NL., et al. “Polymorphisms in estrogen bioactivation, detoxification and oxidative DNA base excision repair genes and prostate cancer risk”. Carcinogenesis9 (2006): 1842-1848.
  5. Huang Z., et al. “Expression of cytochromes P450 in human breast tissue and tumors”. Drug Metabolism and Disposition24 (1996): 99-905.
  6. Cribb A E., et al. “Role of polymorphic human cytochrome P450 enzymes in estrone oxidation”. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 15 (2006): 551-558.
  7. Zhu B T and Conney A H. “Functional role of estrogen metabolism in target cells: review and perspectives”. Carcinogenesis 19 (1998): 1-27.
  8. Liehr J G and Roy D. “Free radical generation by redox cycling of estrogens”. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 8 (1990): 415-423.
  9. Lavigne J A., et al. “The effects of catechol-Omethyltransferase inhibition on estrogen metabolite and oxidative DNA damage levels in estradiol-treated MCF-7 cells”. Cancer Research 61 (2001): 7488-94.
  10. Kerlan V., et al. “Nature of cytochrome P450 involved in the 2-/4-hydroxylations of estradiol human liver microsomes”. Biochemistry and Pharmacology44 (1992): 745-1756.
  11. Samavat H., et al. “Estrogen Metabolism and Breast Cancer”. Cancer Letter 356 (2015): 231-243.
  12. Revolution (2020).
  13. Zahid M., et al. “The greater reactivity of estradiol-3,4-quinone vs estradiol-2,3-quinone with DNA in the formation of depurinating adducts: implications for tumor-initiating activity”. Chemical Research in Toxicology 1 (2006): 164-172.
  14. Cavalieri EL., et al. “Molecular origin of cancer: catechol estrogen-3,4-quinones as endogenous tumor initiators”. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences 94 (1997): 10937-10942.
  15. Ratnakumari M E., et al. “Study to Evaluate the Changes in Polycystic Ovarian Morphology after Naturopathic and Yogic Interventions”. International Journal of Yoga 2 (2018): 139-147.
  16. Sengupta P. “Challenge of infertility: How protective the yoga therapy is?” Ancient Science of Life 1 (2012): 61-62.
  17. Buric I., et al. “A Systematic Review of Gene Expression Changes Induced by Meditation and Related Practices”. Frontiers in Immunology 8 (2017): 670.
  18. Singh V P., et al. “Psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune mechanisms of action of yoga in type II diabetes”. Ancient Science of Life 1 (2015): 12-17.
  19. Vychodilová R., et al. “Hormonal Yoga”. 1st ed. [ebook] Brno: Masaryk University 7 (2018): 22-125.


Citation: Parmod Kumar. “Abstract Writing for a Scientific Paper".Acta Scientific Agriculture 1.2 (2020): 06-07.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US