Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 5

A Cross-Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Pre-Menopausal and Post-Menopausal Women

Amrita Kaul*

Department of Women’s Health, India

*Corresponding Author: Amrita Kaul, Department of Women’s Health, India.

Received: April 01, 2024; Published: April 05, 2024

Abstract

Background: Metabolic syndrome is combination of several disorders, which predispose to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, with vascular and neurological complications such as a cerebrovascular accident.

Aims: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women coming to Asian Institute Of Medical Sciences OPD In Faridabad, Delhi- NCR.

Materials and Methods: It is a Hospital Based Single Center Cross-sectional study conducted by Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad, Delhi- NCR in the out patient department over a duration of 1 year with a total of 200 women in age group of 40-78 yrs (100 post- menopausal women and 100 pre-menopausal women) recruited by random selection method.

Results: In our study, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the overall study group was 31% (62/200) as per modified NCEP ATP III criteria. The occurrence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 17% in pre-menopausal group and 45% in post-menopausal group, and the difference in both the groups was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.001; OR: 3.99- 95% CI: 2.08-7.68).

Conclusions: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was more in post-menopausal women compared with pre-menopausal women as per modified NCEP ATP III criteria. The most prevalent component of metabolic syndrome being central obesity with decreased physical activity in post-menopausal women as compared to pre-menopausal women. However no association was found with duration of menopause, socioeconomic status or parity of women.

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome; Menopause; Post-menopausal Women; Pre-Menopausal Women

References

  1. Sattar N., et al. “Metabolic syndrome with and without C-Reactive protein as a predictor of coronary heart disease and diabetes in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study”. Circulation 108 (2003): 414-419.
  2. Mesch VR., et al. “Metabolic syndrome throughout the menopausal transition: Influence of age and menopausal status”. Climacteric 9 (2006): 40-48.
  3. Lejsková M., et al. “Menopause: Clustering of metabolic syndrome components and population changes in insulin resistance”. Climacteric 13 (2011): 83-91.
  4. Mesch VR., et al. “Androgensin relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in the menopausal transition”. Climacteric 11 (2008): 509-517.
  5. Janssen I., et al. “Menopause and the metabolic syndrome: The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation”. Archives of Internal Medicine 168 (2008): 1568-1575.
  6. Al Azzawi F. “The menopause and its treatment in perspective”. Postgraduate Medical Journal 77 (2001): 292 304.
  7. Pandey S., et al. “Menopause and metabolic syndrome: A study of 498 urban women from Western India”. Journal of Midlife Health 1 (2010): 63-69.
  8. Mehndiratta N., et al. “A Prospective study on the incidence of metabolic syndrome in premenopausal and postmenopausal women”. Journal of Mid-life Health 11 (2020): 17-21.
  9. Toppo A., et al. “Comparative evaluation of metabolic syndrome in premenopausal and postmenopausal women”. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) 16 (2017): 1-9.
  10. Agrawal P. “METABOLIC SYNDROME IN PREMENOPAUSAL AND POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY”. Original Research Paper Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2023 Feb 1; difference in both the groups was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.001; OR: 3.99- 95% CI: 2.08-7.68). The results of our study were partly in accordance with the studies by Aggarwal et. al. (37); Mehndiratta et.al. (9) and Toppo et.al. (36).

Citation

Citation: Amrita Kaul., et al. “A Cross-Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Pre-Menopausal and Post-Menopausal Women".Acta Scientific Women's Health 6.5 (2024): 03-06.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Amrita Kaul., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US