Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

E-Book Volume 5 Issue 8

An Overview of Surrogacy Technology

Amrita Mohanty* and Gowhar Iqbal

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Fish Biotechnology, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Amrita Mohanty, Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Fish Biotechnology, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Received: June 20, 2023; Published: July 17, 2023

Abstract

Surrogacy is the practice involving assisted reproductive technology ("ART") presenting important ethical and legal concerns, notably in the realm of a third-party parenting. However, its journey to reality remains riddled with legal as well as moral quandaries. While the Surrogacy Act of 2021, which went into force, seeks to deconstruct the different legal complexities involved as well as to provide guidance. Considering the socioeconomic norms that govern the real circumstance at ground zero. Surrogacy may either be commercial or altruistic, depending on whether a surrogate is compensated financially during her pregnancy. This approach is becoming more widespread; estimated that over 30,000 patients obtain donor eggs each year to support their families. Surrogacy cycles have become easier for assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics with better embryology laboratory and freezing facility, as a result of the development of efficient vitrification methods. The primary risk of surrogacy is obstetric complications, with multiple order pregnancies usually more prevalent. Although American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology committees make several recommendations for single embryo transfer, barely 15%-20% of clinics adhere to single embryo transfer criteria. Over the future decades, humans may witness the first offspring produced with synthetic eggs and sperm and "born" by ectogenesis (artificial womb technology). In summary, surrogacy laws and regulations are evolving both in India and globally, efforts are being made to regulate and restrict commercial surrogacy, prioritizing the needs of infertile couples and safeguarding against exploitation and unethical practices in the surrogacy industry.

Keywords:Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART); Surrogacy; Ectogenesis; Womb

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Citation

Citation: Amrita Mohanty and Gowhar Iqbal. “An Overview of Surrogacy Technology".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.8 (2023): 36-41.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Amrita Mohanty and Gowhar Iqbal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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