Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Awareness and Prevalence of Mosquitoes Causing Malaria in Farm Animals

Agaviezor BO1, Okafor OL2 and Egbulefu C1

1Animal Science Department, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
2Department of Animal Science, University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Agaviezor BO, Animal Science Department, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Received: June 23, 2023; Published: July 03, 2023

Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate the awareness and prevalence of mosquitoes causing malaria in farm animals. A total of 71 respondents were used for the awareness study using a well structured questionnaire and a total of 51 Adult mosquitoes were collected from the animal in the study area for the prevalence study. Data generated were subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 16). Results revealed that the highest age group of the respondents was 20–25 years (56.3%). The average mean of their knowledge of the effects of mosquitoes on livestock animals ranges from 2.70-3.35. This is above the benchmark of 2.50. Thus, most of the respondents are aware of the effects mosquitoes can pose to livestock animals. In addition, the average mean of their knowledge of the effects of mosquitoes on livestock animals ranges from 2.70-3.35, which is above the benchmark of 2.50. Thus, most of the respondents are aware of the effects mosquitoes can pose to livestock animals. The species of the mosquitoes showed that Quinquefasciatus were 31.4%, Poicilipes were 33.3%, Pipiens were 33.3% and Taylori were 2%. Various species of mosquitoes causing malaria in farm animals were Quinquefasciatus (31.4%), Poicilipes (33.3%), Pipiens (33.3%), and Taylori (2%). The highest number of male mosquitoes was found in Pipiens (40.0%) while the highest female mosquitoes were observed among Poicilipes (36.71%). However, the Chi Square test shows there was no significant effect of species on gender of mosquitoes in the study area. The prevalence of the mosquitoes causing malaria in farms studied is of great concern and efforts should be made to make livestock farmers aware of the impact of mosquitoes of the health of livestock animals and proactive efforts should be taken to eliminate them from farms without hurting the livestock animals.

Keywords: Mosquitoes; Farm Animals; Awareness and Prevalence; Malaria

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Citation

Citation: Agaviezor BO., et al. “Awareness and Prevalence of Mosquitoes Causing Malaria in Farm Animals".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.8 (2023): 03-09.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Agaviezor BO., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Impact Factor1.008

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