Ruminal Development of Small Ruminants: A Review
Varsha Gupta*, MM Farooqui, Ajay Prakash, Archana Pathak, Abhinov Verma and Shri Prakash
Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences and AH, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhuvaneswar, India
*Corresponding Author: Varsha Gupta, Associate Professor, Department of
Veterinary Anatomy, COVSc, DUVASU, India.
June 05, 2023; Published: June 29, 2023
The development of the rumen in ruminant animals is a complex and dynamic process that involves prenatal and postnatal growth and maturation, as well as ongoing adaptation throughout the animal's life. One of the most significant changes that occur during the development of the ruminant stomach is the enlargement of the rumen. In young ruminants, the rumen is smaller than abomasum and undeveloped, but as the animal begins to consume more solid foods, the rumen expands and becomes more complex. Factors such as diet, nutrition, genetics, age and the microbiome can all influence the development of the rumen. At birth, the rumen organ, rumen epithelium, and rumen microbiota are not fully developed. The most receptive time for rumen development is between the postnatal and weaning periods, during which time the organ and its epithelium grew and the rumen microbiota is established. Overall, the development of the rumen during the postnatal and weaning periods is critical to the health and productivity of the animal.
Keywords: Goat; Development; Prenatal; Postnatal; Rumen
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