Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Mastitis Prevalence in Suburban Villages of Bhubaneswar City, Associated Risks Factors, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of the Isolated Pathogens from Milk Samples of Dairy Cows

Anshuman Mahapatra, Ramesh Chandra Patra*, Senapati SK and Mirashree Pati

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences and AH, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhuvaneswar, India

*Corresponding Author: Ramesh Chandra Patra; Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences and AH, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhuvaneswar, India.

Received: May 23, 2023; Published: June 29, 2023

Abstract

Mastitis is characterized by increase of somatic cell counts (SCC) in secreted milk, local inflammation associated with swelling, heat, pain, redness of the udder, and abnormal looking milk. The problem continues to remain highly prevalent in high yielders and causes significant economic losses to the farmers. The present study was carried out for one year in small holder dairy farms in the suburban villages of Bhubaneswar city. A total of 1024 cows, each with yield record of minimum seven litres milk per day, belonging to 398 farmers, were recruited for the study. A total of 4094 quarter milk samples from 1024 lactating cows were screened for mastitis. The overall prevalence of mastitis, subclinical and clinical mastitis in current study was 41.1%, 32.8% and 8.3%, respectively. The prevalence of subclinical and clinical mastitis in Holstein Friesian cross was 38.8% and 11.9%, respectively. The highest prevalence was recorded in cows aged more than 7years. The parity number was an important risk factor as mastitis was more common in the animals with increasing parity number. The incidence of mastitis increased with higher hygiene score. A total of 422 pooled milk samples showed bacterial growth and 417 (98.63%) bacterial isolates could be identified, either as single (94.50%) or mixed (1.37%) infection. The most common bacterial cause of infectious SCM was Staphylococcus species constituting 55.4% of infections. The highest degree of antimicrobial sensitivity was recorded for marbofloxacin (98.88%). The outcome of the present study may facilitate the mastitis control by developing specific strategies to reduce cost of treatment and antibiotics overuse, and to enhance food safety and public health.

Keywords: Mastitis; Hygiene, Teat Dipping; Prevalence; Quarter, Sensitivity

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Citation

Citation: Ramesh Chandra Patra., et al. “Mastitis Prevalence in Suburban Villages of Bhubaneswar City, Associated Risks Factors, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of the Isolated Pathogens from Milk Samples of Dairy Cows".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.7 (2023): 133-144.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ramesh Chandra Patra.,et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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