Canine Circovirus: An Emerging Pathogen of Dogs
Himani Ravi*, Ankita Awasthi, Prasenjit Dhar, Subhash Verma, Monika Bharadwaj and Rajesh Chahota
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP University Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Himani Ravi, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP University Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.
June 05, 2023; Published: June 27, 2023
Canine Circovirus is a new pathogen affecting dogs and is gaining rapid clinical importance. Its relationship to Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) and virus associated with gastrointestinal issues such as vomiting, diarrhoea, and haemorrhagic enteritis/gastro-enteritis in dogs are still in nascent stage. Canine CV has been found in several internal organs of domestic dogs as well as wild canids (wolves, foxes, etc.), implying widespread nature of the virus Although pathogenic potential of the virus is still not fully known. Canine CV has been hypothesised to circulate and aggravate the clinical course of other canine viral disesaes like Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Retrovirus, etc. This review article seeks to out forward the most recent information on CanineCV including the morphology, replication, aetiology, epidemiology and various available diagnostic methods with preventive strategies including vaccines against Canine CV.
Keywords: Canine CV; ssDNA; Hemorrhagic Enteritis; Necrotizing Vasculitis; Rolling Circle Replication; RT PCR; Multiepitope
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