Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Evaluation of SAT-2 Serotype Foot and Mouth Disease and Use of One Health Tripartite as Solution

Wasaaq Bukhari*, Ariba Naz, Faisal Meiran and Ali Umair

Final year DVM Student, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Wasaaq Bukhari, Final year DVM Student, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Received: April 18, 2023; Published: June 09, 2023

Abstract

Foot and Mouth Disease is a viral infection of cloven-footed animals with multiple serotypes which are further divided into topotypes and genotypes. The disease is economically important because it is the major trade barrier for livestock around the globe. WOAH declares endemic, non-endemic and disease free regions. FMD has 7 distinct serotypes (O, A, C, Asia-1, SAT-1, 2, 3). SAT-2 is one of its most diverse strains which escaped its natural endemic pool and caused outbreaks in different parts of the Middle East and North America. Different strains reported causing endemic in past. Major endemics of SAT-2 were witnessed in Egypt, Libya, and Ethiopia. Recently a new strain of SAT-2 caused an outbreak in Iraq, Jordan, and Israel from where the virus migrated to Turkey. Effective quarantine measures and Vaccination campaigns against virus are started. These measures will halt the virus temporarily but cannot eradicate virus. The only effective solution is seeking help through One Health by linking human, animal and environmental professionals and other stakeholders to work together for early detection and investigation of disease and make plans to stop future outbreaks.

Keywords: FMDV; FMD; SAT-2 Serotype; One Health

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Citation

Citation: Wasaaq Bukhari., et al. “Evaluation of SAT-2 Serotype Foot and Mouth Disease and Use of One Health Tripartite as Solution". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.7 (2023): 44-52.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Wasaaq Bukhari., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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