Evaluation of SAT-2 Serotype Foot and Mouth Disease and Use of One Health Tripartite as Solution
Wasaaq Bukhari*, Ariba Naz, Faisal Meiran and Ali Umair
Final year DVM Student, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture
*Corresponding Author: Wasaaq Bukhari, Final year DVM Student, Faculty of
Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.
April 18, 2023; Published: June 09, 2023
Foot and Mouth Disease is a viral infection of cloven-footed animals with multiple serotypes which are further divided into topotypes
and genotypes. The disease is economically important because it is the major trade barrier for livestock around the globe.
WOAH declares endemic, non-endemic and disease free regions. FMD has 7 distinct serotypes (O, A, C, Asia-1, SAT-1, 2, 3). SAT-2 is
one of its most diverse strains which escaped its natural endemic pool and caused outbreaks in different parts of the Middle East
and North America. Different strains reported causing endemic in past. Major endemics of SAT-2 were witnessed in Egypt, Libya, and
Ethiopia. Recently a new strain of SAT-2 caused an outbreak in Iraq, Jordan, and Israel from where the virus migrated to Turkey. Effective
quarantine measures and Vaccination campaigns against virus are started. These measures will halt the virus temporarily but
cannot eradicate virus. The only effective solution is seeking help through One Health by linking human, animal and environmental
professionals and other stakeholders to work together for early detection and investigation of disease and make plans to stop future
Keywords: FMDV; FMD; SAT-2 Serotype; One Health
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