Prevalence and Associated Factors of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants
in Fedis District, Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia
Ibsa Tasse* and Dawit Abiyi
Department of Veterinary Science, Fedis District Office of Agriculture, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Ibsa Tasse, Department of Veterinary Science, Fedis
District Office of Agriculture, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia.
April 24, 2023; Published: June 06, 2023
Background: Gastro-intestinal nematodiosis is one of the major problems which is responsible for serious economic losses due to production losses, morbidity and mortality of small ruminants.
Objectives: Across-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated factors of gastrointestinal nematode parasites in small ruminants.
Methods: A total of 219 small ruminants were sampled and examined for qualitative investigation using simple fecal floatation techniques.
Results: Out of 219 examined animals, 61.6% were infected with at least one nematode parasites. This finding showed Strongyle type nematode was recorded in 101(78.4%) which is the most prevalent in both species. Among considered risk factors, the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes was statistically significant association (P<0.05) with respect to species, sex and body conditions of animals.
Conclusion: This finding showed the higher prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode was observed in small ruminants. Thus practicing of strategic mass de-worming of small ruminants should be implemented in order to control and prevention of nematodiasis.
Keywords: Nematode; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Small Ruminants
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