Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 7

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants in Fedis District, Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

Ibsa Tasse* and Dawit Abiyi

Department of Veterinary Science, Fedis District Office of Agriculture, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Ibsa Tasse, Department of Veterinary Science, Fedis District Office of Agriculture, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Received: April 24, 2023; Published: June 06, 2023

Abstract

Background: Gastro-intestinal nematodiosis is one of the major problems which is responsible for serious economic losses due to production losses, morbidity and mortality of small ruminants.

Objectives: Across-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated factors of gastrointestinal nematode parasites in small ruminants.

Methods: A total of 219 small ruminants were sampled and examined for qualitative investigation using simple fecal floatation techniques.

Results: Out of 219 examined animals, 61.6% were infected with at least one nematode parasites. This finding showed Strongyle type nematode was recorded in 101(78.4%) which is the most prevalent in both species. Among considered risk factors, the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes was statistically significant association (P<0.05) with respect to species, sex and body conditions of animals.

Conclusion: This finding showed the higher prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode was observed in small ruminants. Thus practicing of strategic mass de-worming of small ruminants should be implemented in order to control and prevention of nematodiasis.

Keywords: Nematode; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Small Ruminants

References

  1. Hoste H., et al. “Interactions between nutrition and infections with Haemonchus contortus and related gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants”. Advanced Parasitology 93 (2016): 239-351.
  2. Takeuchi-Storm N., et al. “Parasite control in organic cattle farming: management and farmers’ perspectives from six European countries”. Veterinary Parasitology Regional Study Report 18 (2019): 100329.
  3. Mohanta U., et al. “Prevalence, population dynamics and pathological effects of intestinal helminths in black Bengal goats”. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 5 (2007): 63-69.
  4. Cei W., et al. “Impact of energy and protein on the gastro-intestinal parasitism of small ruminants: a meta-analysis”. Livestock Sciences 212 (2018): 34-44.
  5. Waruiru M., et al. “Gastrointestinal parasite infections of sheep and goats in semiarid areas of Machakos district, Kenya”. Bulletins of Animal health and Production in Africa 53 (2005): 25-33.
  6. Bifaw A., et al. “Small Ruminants Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Species Composition Identification in Humbo District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 9 (2018): 1-7.
  7. Zajac AM and Garza J. “Biology, epidemiology, and control of gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants”. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 36 (2020): 73-87.
  8. Fikru R., et al. “Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal parasites of ruminants in Western Oromia Ethiopia”. International Applied Research of Veterinary Medicine 4 (2006): 51-57.
  9. Sabkeber M., et al. “Prevalence and burden of nematode parasites of small ruminants in and around Haramaya University”. World Applied Science Journal5 (2016): 644-651.
  10. Urquhart GM., et al. “Veterinary parasitology”. 2nd The University of Glasgow, Blackwell Sciences, Scotland, (1996): 3-137.
  11. Tsegaye T., et al. “Efficacy of selected anthelmintics against gastrointestinal nematodes on naturally infected small ruminants in Gimbo district, Kaffa Zone, South West Ethiopia”. Livestock Research for Rural Development (2016): 28.
  12. Mohammed A., et al. “Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Gursum Woreda of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia”. Researcher 7 (2015): 45-54.
  13. Muluneh J., et al. “Major gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in Dembia District, Northern Ethiopia”. Europe Journey and Applied Science 6 (2014): 30-36.
  14. Petros A and Lakew N. “Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of small ruminants in Kuarit District, North west Ethiopia”. African Journal of Basic Applied Science 6 (2014): 125-130.
  15. Andualem Y., et al. “Prevalence and associated risk factors of gastrointestinal of small ruminants in North East Ethiopia”. Journal of Animal Research 2 (2016): 165-170.
  16. Wondimu A and Gutu S. “Gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in Gutu Gida District, Eastern Wolloega, Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary and Animal Health 9 (2016): 83-85.
  17. Jiregna D., et al. “Prevalence and associated risk factors of gastrointestinal of small ruminants in Ziway Dugda District, Ethiopia”. Animal Veterinary Science 2 (2018): 6-14.
  18. Mekonnen G. “Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants in Boloso Sore District, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science1 (2020): 1034.
  19. Dagnachew S., et al. “Epidemiology of gastrointestinal helminthiasis of small ruminants in selected sites of North Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia”. Ethiopia Veterinary Journal 15 (2011): 57-68.
  20. Getachew M., et al. “Prevalence and risk factors of gastrointestinal nematodes infections in small ruminants in Tullo District, Western Hararghe, Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 8 (2017): 8-11.
  21. Jemal A., et al. “Gastrointestinal nematode parasites of small ruminants and anthelmintics efficacy test in Sheep of Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia”. Animal and Veterinary Sciences 5 (2017): 39-44.
  22. Thrusfield M and Christley R. “Veterinary epidemiology”. New Jersey: Wiley (2018).
  23. Golo D., et al. “Prevalence of small ruminant gastrointestinal parasites infections and associated risk factors in selected districts of Bale zone, south eastern Ethiopia”. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology6 (2017): 81-88.
  24. Belina D., et al. “Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Ruminants: The Parasite Burden, Associated Risk Factors and Anthelmintic Utilization Practices in Selected Districts of East and Western Hararghe, Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 8 (2017): 433.
  25. Welemehret N., et al. “Helminth parasites in small ruminants: prevalence, species composition and associated risk factors in and around Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia”. European Journal of Bio. Science3 (2012): 91-95.
  26. Jejaw M., et al. “Major gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in Dembia District, Northwest Ethiopia”. European Journal of Applied Sciences2 (2014): 30-36.

Citation

Citation: Ibsa Tasse and Dawit Abiyi. “Prevalence and Associated Factors of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants in Fedis District, Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.7 (2023): 16-20.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ibsa Tasse and Dawit Abiyi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US