Sheikh Uzma Farooq1, Aditya Sharma2* and Prince Chauhan3
11Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar, India
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar, India
3Department of Animal Nutrition, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar, India
*Corresponding Author: Aditya Sharma, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar, India.
Received: May 03, 2023; Published: May 22, 2023
Bracken fern is the most common species of poisonous plants occurring in temperate and subtropical regions. The whole plant material is usually toxic but young plants are reported to be more toxic. It contains different active principles which have potential to manifest disease conditions in animals. Thiaminase, Quercetin, Aplastic anaemic factor and Haematuria factor are fully characterized toxic factors of ferns. Among these Quercertin is carcinogenic with reports of urinary bladder tumours after long term consumption of bracken fern. The fern poison has a depressive effect on bone marrow tissue. The thrombocytic count is most affected. The most common findings in simple fern poisoning are haemorrhages, usually found on the outside of the heart, occasionally in the kidney but more commonly involving the intestines. Until recently no specific treatment was available for affected animals. Sulpha drugs and antibiotics were used to prevent bacterial invasion but recuperation of blood forming tissues could not be stimulated. Di-butyl alcohol have a specific stimulating effect on bone marrow cells and is nowadays used as antidote for fern poisoning.
Keywords: Haematuria; Quercertin; Thrombocytic; Di-Butyl Alcohol
Citation: Aditya Sharma., et al. “Bracken Fern Poisoning". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.6 (2023): 61-63.
Copyright: © 2023 Aditya Sharma., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.