Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 6

Epidemiology and Risk Factors, and Effect of Brucellosis in Cattle Production in Ethiopia: A Review

Zinabu Nigus Belay1* and Teweldemedhn Mekonnen2

1Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia
2Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Humera Begait Animals Research Center, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Zinabu Nigus Belay, Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia.

Received: March 24, 2023; Published: May 17, 2023

Abstract

Brucellosis is an infectious bacterial disease caused by member of the genus Brucella. Bovine Brucellosis is an important disease of cattle, which has zoonotic importance with substantial economic losses. Risk factors that can predispose to brucellosis include Animal factors, pathogen factors, environmental factors, managemental factors and occupational risk factors. The disease transmits from infected animals to human beings through several routes. It is special hazard to occupational groups. It causes considerable losses in cattle because of abortion and reduction in milk yield. In Ethiopia, Brucella sero prevalence within extensive cattle rearing system is lower than that of intensive systems. Vaccination of animals is effective to control the disease. Perception and awareness of potential risk groups about zoonotic and economic importance of brucellosis can be enhanced through veterinary extension education. This review denotes the epidemiology and risk factors, and effect of Brucellosis in Cattle Production in Ethiopia.

Keywords: Brucellosis; Cattle; Public Health; Sero- Prevalencea

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Citation

Citation: Zinabu Nigus Belay and Teweldemedhn Mekonnen. “Epidemiology and Risk Factors, and Effect of Brucellosis in Cattle Production in Ethiopia: A Review". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.6 (2023): 45-51.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Zinabu Nigus Belay and Teweldemedhn Mekonnen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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