Epidemiology and Risk Factors, and Effect of Brucellosis in Cattle Production in Ethiopia: A Review
Zinabu Nigus Belay1* and Teweldemedhn Mekonnen2
1Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia
2Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Humera Begait Animals Research Center, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Zinabu Nigus Belay, Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia.
March 24, 2023; Published: May 17, 2023
Brucellosis is an infectious bacterial disease caused by member of the genus Brucella. Bovine Brucellosis is an important disease of cattle, which has zoonotic importance with substantial economic losses. Risk factors that can predispose to brucellosis include Animal factors, pathogen factors, environmental factors, managemental factors and occupational risk factors. The disease transmits from infected animals to human beings through several routes. It is special hazard to occupational groups. It causes considerable losses in cattle because of abortion and reduction in milk yield. In Ethiopia, Brucella sero prevalence within extensive cattle rearing system is lower than that of intensive systems. Vaccination of animals is effective to control the disease. Perception and awareness of potential risk groups about zoonotic and economic importance of brucellosis can be enhanced through veterinary extension education. This review denotes the epidemiology and risk factors, and effect of Brucellosis in Cattle Production in Ethiopia.
Keywords: Brucellosis; Cattle; Public Health; Sero- Prevalencea
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