Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 3

A Giant Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Andontic Domestic Shorthair Cat

Baharak Akhtardanesh*, Dariush Vosough, Reza Kheirandish and Seyed AmirAbbas Razavi Parizi

Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Baharak Akhtardanesh, Professor of Small Animal Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran.

Received: January 06, 2023; Published: February 07, 2023

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common malignant skin tumors in cats. A two years old male unowned domestic short hair cat was referred by an animal rescue volunteer with the history o severe lesions on the nasal planum, and mucopurulent nasal discharge. In physical examination, ulcers involved the whole nasal planum, eventually leading to loss of the rostral nasal cartilage and central upper lip but gingivostomatitis, and oral ulcer was not detected. Surprisingly anodontia of the permanent teeth was also detected in oral examination. Cytological examination of lesions revealed sparse cocci, many neutrophils and erythrocytes, and paraneoplastic (actinic) changes. Fine-needle aspiration of the submanibular lymph node showed no metastasis. The complete blood cells test (CBC) showed mild leukocytosis and anemia but no abnormality was detected in the biochemical survey. Skull Radiograph showed no evidence of teeth or unerupted teeth from the mandible and maxilla and severe bilateral nasal concha turbinate destruction. In thoracic and abdominal radiographs, there was no sign of metastasis. Biopsy specimens were collected under general anesthesia and revealed an irregularly hyperplastic epidermis, keratinocytes containing large vesicular nucleus and nucleolus with mild Pleomorphism and high mitotic index confirming the occurrence of SCC tumor. Unfortunately, this case was referred with severe destruction in ventral and dorsal nasal concha and cranial ethemotourbinates, facial deformity and osteolysis. Thus the cat was euthanized. Early diagnosis of SCC is paramount for prompt therapeutic intervention, which may result in long-term control or cure for affected patients.

Keywords: Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Cat; Histopathology; Andontia

References

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Citation

Citation: Baharak Akhtardanesh. “A Giant Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Andontic Domestic Shorthair Cat".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.3 (2023): 17-20.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Baharak Akhtardanesh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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