Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Processing Strategies Modifies Nutrient Composition of Cassava Peel-leaf Blends, Influences Nutrient Digestibility and Nitrogen Balance of Growing Pigs

Williams GA1*, Mafimidiwo AN2, Akinola OS3, Adeleye TM4, Irekhore OT5, Oso AO6 and Ogunrombi JO6

1Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Lagos State University, Epe Campus, Lagos, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural Technology, Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria
3Department of Animal Production and Health, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
4Department of Microbiology, College of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
5Agricultural Media Resources and Extension Centre, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
6Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Williams GA, Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Lagos State University, Epe Campus, Lagos, Nigeria.

Received: November 29, 2022; Published: January 17, 2023

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of processing strategies on nutrient composition of cassava peel-leaf blends (CPLB) and impact on apparent nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance of growing pigs. In-vitro fermentation of CPLB (Cassava peel: Cassava leaf; 5:1) using five spore forming organism was first carried out to evaluate the fermentative efficacy of the microbes. Aspergillus tamarii which had increased (P < 0.05) crude protein (10.70%) and reduced (P < 0.05) acid detergent fibre (ADF) (28.70%) was selected for solid state fermentation (SSF) of CPLB. The diets formulated for digestibility consists of standard corn-soya based diet (Control) and three other diets were formulated by replacing maize with unfermented CPLB (UCPLB), water fermented CPLB (WCPLB) and microbial fermented CPLB (MCPLB) using Aspergillus tamarii as inoculum. 24 cross bred male pigs of average weight 65.96 kg ± 1.56 were used for the trial. Nutrient composition of test ingredients shows that MCPLB had the highest (11.68%) crude protein. Digestibility of diets shows that crude fibre and NDF digestibility was higher (P < 0.05) in pigs fed diet containing UCPLB and WCPLB. In conclusion, fermentation of CPLB improved protein content of the fibrous feed stuff and dietary inclusion of processed CPLB did not cause significant reduction in nitrogen retention in pigs.

Keywords: Pigs; Cassava peel-Leaf Blends; Fermentation; Nutrient Digestibility; Nitrogen Balance

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Citation

Citation: Williams GA., et al. “Processing Strategies Modifies Nutrient Composition of Cassava Peel-leaf Blends, Influences Nutrient Digestibility and Nitrogen Balance of Growing Pigs".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.2 (2023): 43-52.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Williams GA., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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