Prevalence of Cattle Coccidiosis and Associated Risk Factors in Jimma
Town and Surrounding Districts
Segni Abdisa*, Haregawi Tesfaye, Mukarim Abdurahaman and Zerihun Mulatu
Jimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Jimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia.
July 18, 2022; Published: December 30, 2022
Cross-sectional study was conducted from August, 2021 up to January, 2022 to determine the prevalence of cattle Coccidiosis and associated risk factors in Jimma Town and Surrounding Districts. Households were selected randomly and data on body condition, age, and sex were recorded and then, a total of 512 faecal samples were collected directly from rectum of randomly selected cattle from Jimma town, Sekka chekorsa, Dedo, and Nadhi-Gibe districts of Jimma zone by considering animal and non-animal factors. To detect the presence of coccidian oocyst simple floatation technique was used. A total of 153 animals were found positive for coccidia infection with overall prevalence of 29.9% with significant difference (p=0.000) between age groups, which was higher in calve (less than 12 month age) than younger animals. Among the epidemiological factors age was found to be statistically significant in explaining coccidia infection in cattle. Place of origin, sex and body condition were relatively significant but they were not statistically significant in associated with infection at p=0.05. Coccidiosis in these four areas presents in the subclinical form and thus no characteristic/overt clinical signs.Almost similar distribution of coccidia infection in these area indicated that common watering points pose a risk as disease foci and therefore farmers should be advised to water their animals from the homesteads or use clean water for their animals.
Keywords: Cattles; Risk Factors; Coccidiosis; Jimma; Prevalence
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