Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 1

Effects of Biochar on Poultry: A Review

Umer Farooq1*, Muhammad Azeem Qayyum2 and Furqan Ahmad3

11Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2Department of Computer Science, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3Department of Computer Science, National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Umer Farooq, Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Received: August 29, 2022; Published: December 22, 2022


Biochar processing and application has become exceedingly common over the past decade. Biochar has similar properties to charcoal and activated carbon: all pyrolyzed carbonaceous compounds are formed by pyrolysis and are extracted from organic carbon-rich materials. There is very diminutive literature on the introduction of biochar into poultry feed. The current review is aimed at usage of biochar as a poultry (chickens and ducks) feed. Improved growth output, blood conditions, egg development and tolerance to pathogens are the documented positive responses to biochar supplementation. Moreover, biochar's strong adsorption ability efficiently helps to eliminate contaminants and chemicals from chicken body and as well from farm environment. Biochar is predicted to be widely used in poultry farming.

Keywords: Biochar; Poultry; PLB


  1. Lan TT., et al. “Feeding biochar or charcoal increased the growth rate of striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) and improved water quality”. Livestock Research for Rural Development28 (2016): 84.
  2. Schmidt HP., et al. “Using biochar in animal farming to recycle nutrients and reduce greenhouse gas emissions”. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, Vienna, Austria 19 (2017): 57-19.
  3. Prasai TP., et al. “Manure from biochar, bentonite and zeolite feed supplemented poultry: Moisture retention and granulation properties”. Journal of Environmental Management 216 (2018): 82-88.
  4. Kutlu HR., et al. “Effects of providing dietary wood charcoal to broiler chicks and laying hens”. Animal Feed Science and Technology 90 (2000): 213-226.
  5. Mabe LT., et al. “The effect of dietary bamboo charcoal supplementation on growth and serum biochemical parameters of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio)”. Aquaculture Research 49 (2018): 1142-1152.
  6. Willson NL., et al. “Feed supplementation with biochar may reduce poultry pathogens, including Campylobacter hepaticus, the causative agent of spotty liver disease”. PLoS One 14 (2019): 4.
  7. Islam MM., et al. “Effect of sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) and charcoal supplementation as alternatives to antibiotics on growth performance and meat quality of ducks”. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 27 (2014): 217-224.
  8. Eger M., et al. “Application of MootralTM reduces methane production by altering the archaea community in the rumen simulation technique”. Frontiers in Microbiology 9 (2018): 2094.
  9. Leng RA., et al. “Biochar reduces enteric methane and improves growth and feed conversion in local “Yellow” cattle fed cassava root chips and fresh cassava foliage”. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24 (2012): 199.
  10. Joseph S., et al. “Feeding biochar to cows: An innovative solution for improving soil fertility and farm productivity”. Pedosphere 25 (2015): 666-679.
  11. Zublena JP., et al. “Poultry Manure as a Fertilizer Source”. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service 2010 (1997).
  12. Blake JP and JB Hess. “Poultry litter ash as a replacement for dicalcium phosphate in broiler diets”. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 23 (2014): 101-107.
  13. Teleb HM., et al. “Efficiency of Kaolin and Activated Charcoal to Reduce the Toxicity of Low Level of Aflatoxin in Broilers”. SCI Journal 1 (2004): 1425.
  14. “Double Green Chickens Produce Carbon-Smart Poo”. Sustainability Matters 6.4 (2013): 34.
  15. Odunsi AA., et al. “Response of Broiler Chickens to Wood Charcoal and Vegetable Oil Based Diets”. World Journal of Agricultural Research 5 (2007): 572-575.
  16. Doydora SA., et al. “Release of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Poultry Litter Amended with Acidified Biochar”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8 (2011): 1491-1502.
  17. Marie CI. “Biochar as a feed su[pplement. An overview”. International Journal of Livestock Research 1 (2013): 58-72.
  18. Inthapanya S., et al. “Biochar increases biogas production in a batch digester charged with cattle manure”. Livestock Research for Rural Development12 (2012).
  19. “International union for conservation of nature, conquistadors, cannibals and climate change: A brief history of biochar” (2012).
  20. Van DTT., et al. “Effect of method of processing foliage of Acacia mangium and inclusion of bamboo charcoal in the diet on performance of growing goats”. JAFST 130 (2006): 242-256.
  21. Kana JR., et al. “Growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with graded levels of charcoal from maize cob or seed of Canarium schweinfurthii. England”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 1 (2010): 51-56.
  22. Evans AM., et al. “The effect of poultry litter biochar on pellet quality, one to 21 d broiler performance, digesta viscosity, bone mineralization, and apparent ileal amino acid digestibility”. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 26 (2017): 89-98.
  23. Prasai TP., et al. “Effect of biochar, zeolite and bentonite feed supplements on egg yield and excreta attributes”. Animal Production Science 58 (2018): 1632-1641.
  24. Naka K., et al. “Adsorption effect of activated charcoal on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli”. Journal of Veterinary Science 63 (2001): 281-285.
  25. Watarai S and Tana. “Eliminating the carriage of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in domestic fowls by feeding activated charcoal from bark containing wood vinegar liquid (Nekka-Rich)”. Poultry Science 84 (2005): 515-521.
  26. Prasai TP., et al. “Biochar, bentonite and zeolite supplemented feeding of layer chickens alter intestinal microbiota and reduces Campylobacter load”. PLoS One 11 (2016): 4.
  27. Gerlach H and HP Schmidt. “Biochar in poultry farming”. Ithaka Journal (2012b): 262-264.v
  28. Hien NN., et al. “Effects of biochar inclusion in feed and chicken litter on growth performance, plasma lipids and fecal bacteria count of Noi lai chicken”. Livestock Research for Rural Development 30 (2018): 131.
  29. Kalus K., et al. “Effect of Biochar Diet Supplementation on Chicken Broilers Performance, NH3 and Odor Emissions and Meat Consumer Acceptance”. Animals 10 (2020): 1539.


Citation: Umer Farooq., et al. “Effects of Biochar on Poultry: A Review".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.1 (2023): 69-73.


Copyright: © 2023 Umer Farooq.,et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 20, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US